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Dr Lorna Goddard BSc PhD

Staff details

PositionLecturer
Department Psychology
Email l.goddard (@gold.ac.uk)
Phone+44 (0)20 7919 7908
Dr Lorna Goddard BSc PhD

Summary of research

Autobiographical memory and social problem-solving, cognitive processes in depression, mood and exercise

Research Interests

My main research interests are in how autobiographical memory functions in personal problem-solving. One focus is on depression where problem-solving skills are often poor and retrieval from autobiographical memory is characteristic of certain biases (e.g. negative and over-general). A main aim has been to identify optimal retrieval strategies for successful problem-solving performance and to attempt to improve problem-solving in depression by encouragement towards such strategies.

I am currently extending this work in two directions. First by examining social problem-solving deficits in Aspergers syndrome and how these may relate to autobiographical memory retrieval style and how this maps on to different problem-solving styles. For example, our research shows that gender differences exist with females favouring a more specific memory retrieval style and detailed problem-solving style in contrast to males.

Finally I also have research interests in the general area of cognitive processes in depression and in how depressed mood may be improved with certain exercise techniques ú particularly those which foster greater body awareness such as Pilates technique.

Publications

Article

Experiences of autism diagnosis: A survey of over 1000 parents in the United Kingdom
Crane, Laura; Chester, James; Goddard, Lorna; Henry, Lucy and Hill, Elisabeth L.. 2016. Experiences of autism diagnosis: A survey of over 1000 parents in the United Kingdom. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 20(2), pp. 153-162.

Experiences of diagnosing autism spectrum disorder: a survey of professionals in the United Kingdom
Rogers, CL; Goddard, Lorna; Hill, Elisabeth L.; Henry, Lucy and Crane, Laura. 2015. Experiences of diagnosing autism spectrum disorder: a survey of professionals in the United Kingdom. Autism: International Journal of Research and Practice, ISSN 1362-3613

Experiences of receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder: A survey of adults in the United Kingdom
Jones, L; Goddard, Lorna; Hill, Elisabeth L.; Henry, L and Crane, Laura. 2014. Experiences of receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder: A survey of adults in the United Kingdom. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(12), pp. 3033-3044. ISSN 0162-3257

A Preliminary Study of Gender Differences in Autobiographical Memory in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder
Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, Barbara and Howlin, Patricia. 2014. A Preliminary Study of Gender Differences in Autobiographical Memory in Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, pp. 1-9. ISSN 0162-3257

Development of autobiographical memory in children with autism spectrum disorders: Deficits, gains, and predictors of performance
Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, Barbara; Robinson, Sally and Howlin, Patricia. 2014. Development of autobiographical memory in children with autism spectrum disorders: Deficits, gains, and predictors of performance. Development and Psychopathology, 26(1), pp. 215-228. ISSN 0954-5794

Autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorder: the role of depressed mood, rumination, working memory and theory of mind.
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2013. Autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorder: the role of depressed mood, rumination, working memory and theory of mind. Autism, 17, pp. 205-219.

Patterns of autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorders
Crane, Laura; Pring, Linda; Jukes, Kaylee and Goddard, Lorna. 2012. Patterns of autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, pp. 1-13.

A Randomised Controlled Single-Blind Trial of the Efficacy of Reiki at Benefitting Mood and Well-Being
Bowden, Deborah; Goddard, Lorna and Gruzelier, John. 2011. A Randomised Controlled Single-Blind Trial of the Efficacy of Reiki at Benefitting Mood and Well-Being. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2011, pp. 1-8. ISSN 1741-427X

Judgements of self-understanding in Vo adolescents with Asperger syndrome
Dritschel, Barbara; Wisely, Mary; Goddard, Lorna; Robinson, Sally and Howlin, Pat. 2010. Judgements of self-understanding in Vo adolescents with Asperger syndrome. Autism, 14(5), pp. 509-518. ISSN 1362-3613

Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory as a moderator of the relationship between daily hassles and depression
Anderson, Rachel J.; Goddard, Lorna and Powell, Jane H.. 2010. Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory as a moderator of the relationship between daily hassles and depression. Cognition & Emotion, 24(4), pp. 702-709. ISSN 0269-9931

A randomised controlled single-blind trial of the effects of Reiki and positive imagery on well-being and salivary cortisol
Bowden, Deborah; Goddard, Lorna and Gruzelier, John. 2010. A randomised controlled single-blind trial of the effects of Reiki and positive imagery on well-being and salivary cortisol. Brain Research Bulletin, 81(1), pp. 66-72. ISSN 03619230

Brief Report: Self-defining and Everyday Autobiographical Memories in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2010. Brief Report: Self-defining and Everyday Autobiographical Memories in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(3), pp. 383-391. ISSN 0162-3257

Executive functions in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Robinson, Sally; Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, Barbara; Wisley, Mary and Howlin, Pat. 2009. Executive functions in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Brain and Cognition, 71(3), pp. 362-368. ISSN 02782626

Social problem-solving processes and mood in college students: an examination of self-report and performance-based approaches
Anderson, Rachel J.; Goddard, Lorna and Powell, Jane H.. 2009. Social problem-solving processes and mood in college students: an examination of self-report and performance-based approaches. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 33(2), p. 175. ISSN 0147-5916

Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2009. Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 13(3), pp. 215-228. ISSN 1362-3613

Specific and general autobiographical knowledge in adults with autism spectrum disorders: The role of personal goals
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2009. Specific and general autobiographical knowledge in adults with autism spectrum disorders: The role of personal goals. Memory, 17(5), pp. 557-576. ISSN 0965-8211

Episodic and semantic autobiographical memory in autism spectrum disorders
Crane, Laura and Goddard, Lorna. 2008. Episodic and semantic autobiographical memory in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), pp. 498-506. ISSN 15733432

Episodic and semantic autobiographical memory in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Crane, Laura and Goddard, Lorna. 2008. Episodic and semantic autobiographical memory in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), pp. 498-506. ISSN 0162-3257

The effects of cue modality on the quality of personal memories retrieved
Goddard, Lorna; Pring, Linda and Felmingham, Nick. 2005. The effects of cue modality on the quality of personal memories retrieved. Memory, 13(1), pp. 79-86. ISSN 0965-8211

Autobiographical Memory and Social Problem-solving in Asperger Syndrome
Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, B.; Howlin, P. and Patel, T.. 2002. Autobiographical Memory and Social Problem-solving in Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), pp. 291-300. ISSN 15733432

Worry and the simulation of future outcomes
Brown, Gary; Macleod, Andrew; Tata, Philip and Goddard, Lorna. 2002. Worry and the simulation of future outcomes. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 15(1), pp. 1-17. ISSN 1061-5806

The effects of specific retrieval instruction on social problem-solving in depression
Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, B. and Burton, A.. 2001. The effects of specific retrieval instruction on social problem-solving in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(3), pp. 297-308. ISSN 01446657

Autobiographical memory in the visually impaired: initial findings and impressions
Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2001. Autobiographical memory in the visually impaired: initial findings and impressions. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 19(3), pp. 108-113. ISSN 0264-6196

The effects of specific retrieval instruction on social problem-solving in depression
Goddard, Lorna; Dritschel, Barbara and Burton, Andrew. 2001. The effects of specific retrieval instruction on social problem-solving in depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(3), pp. 297-308. ISSN 01446657