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Professor Linda Pring

Staff details

PositionEmeritus Professor
Department Psychology
Email l.pring (@gold.ac.uk)
Phone+44 (0)20 7919 7881
Professor Linda Pring

Academic qualifications

BSc PhD CPsychol AFBPsS

Areas of supervision

Creativity in autistic spectrum disorder

Psychological aspects of visual impairment (associations with autism, children's memory, language, autobiographical memory, braille)

Museum access for people with visual imapirments or autistic spectrum disorders

Research Interests

My research interests include topics related to Developmental Psychology and Neuroscience, including savant syndrome. I have published research papers on specific learning difficulties including developmental dyslexia, autism, savant talent and cognitive and social aspects of visual impairment. In connection with the latter I have published on a broad variety of issues including autobiographical memories, musical processing, early infancy, Braille reading and raised line and picture recognition. I have advised on museum access in relation to both adults and children with visual impairments and have been working in this field for over 20 years.

In recent years I have been interested in the interface between psychology (cognitive and neuroscience) and the arts for example – museum conference presentations (Art Beyond Sight: Metropolitan Museum of Art 2005/2008), research  (with Sheridan; Mapping Arts, Health and Higher Education Collaborative Projects in London 2007), organizing conferences (e.g.  with Victoria & Albert Museum  and St Dunstans Charity for visual impairment ‘In Touch with Art’, 2007) and teaching (Multimodal approaches to learning. Widening Horizons, Tate Britain 2008).

Publications

Edited Book

Autism and Blindness: Research and Reflections
Pring, Linda, ed. 2004. Autism and Blindness: Research and Reflections. Wiley. ISBN 978-1-86156-444-3

Book Section

Cognitive and behavioural manifestations of blindness
Pring, Linda and Tadić, Valerie. 2010. Cognitive and behavioural manifestations of blindness. In: Ruth Nass and Yitzach Frank, eds. Cognitive and Behavioral Abnormalities of Pediatric Diseases. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195342680

Memory characteristics in individuals with savant skills
Pring, Linda. 2008. Memory characteristics in individuals with savant skills. In: Jill Boucher and Dermot Bowler, eds. Memory in Autism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 210-230. ISBN 9780521862882

Blindness and visual disability
Pring, Linda. 2007. Blindness and visual disability. In: Susan Ayers; Andrew Baum; Chris McManus; Stanton Newman; Kenneth Wallston; John Weinman and Robert West, eds. Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine 2nd Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 565-566. ISBN 9780521605106

More than meets the eye: blindness, talent and autism
Pring, Linda and Tadić, Valerie. 2004. More than meets the eye: blindness, talent and autism. In: Linda Pring, ed. Autism and Blindness: Research and Reflections. London and Philadelphia: Wiley. ISBN 978-1-86156-444-3

Article

Touching words is not enough: How visual experience influences haptic-auditory associations in the "Bouba-Kiki" effect
Fryer, Louise; Freeman, Jonathan and Pring, Linda. 2014. Touching words is not enough: How visual experience influences haptic-auditory associations in the "Bouba-Kiki" effect. Cognition, 132(2), pp. 164-173. ISSN 0010-0277

Autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorder: the role of depressed mood, rumination, working memory and theory of mind.
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2013. Autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorder: the role of depressed mood, rumination, working memory and theory of mind. Autism, 17, pp. 205-219.

The structure of savant calendrical knowledge
Heavey, L.; Hermelin, Beate; Crane, Laura and Pring, Linda. 2012. The structure of savant calendrical knowledge. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(6), pp. 507-513.

The structure of savant calendrical knowledge.
Heavey, L.; Hermelin, Beate; Crane, Laura and Pring, Linda. 2012. The structure of savant calendrical knowledge. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 54(6), pp. 507-513.

Patterns of autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorders
Crane, Laura; Pring, Linda; Jukes, Kaylee and Goddard, Lorna. 2012. Patterns of autobiographical memory in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, pp. 1-13.

Creativity in savant artists with autism
Pring, Linda; Ryder, Nicola; Crane, Laura and Hermelin, Beate. 2012. Creativity in savant artists with autism. Autism, 16(1), pp. 45-57.

Executive functions in savant artists with autism
Crane, Laura; Pring, Linda; Ryder, Nicola and Hermelin, Beate. 2011. Executive functions in savant artists with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(2), pp. 790-797. ISSN 17509467

Brief Report: Self-defining and Everyday Autobiographical Memories in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2010. Brief Report: Self-defining and Everyday Autobiographical Memories in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(3), pp. 383-391. ISSN 0162-3257

Local and global processing in savant artists with autism
Pring, Linda; Ryder, Nicola; Crane, Laura and Hermelin, Beate. 2010. Local and global processing in savant artists with autism. Perception, 39(8), pp. 1094-1103. ISSN 0301-0066

Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2009. Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Autism, 13(3), pp. 215-228. ISSN 1362-3613

Specific and general autobiographical knowledge in adults with autism spectrum disorders: The role of personal goals
Crane, Laura; Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2009. Specific and general autobiographical knowledge in adults with autism spectrum disorders: The role of personal goals. Memory, 17(5), pp. 557-576. ISSN 0965-8211

Are language and social communication intact in children with congenital visual impairment at school age?
Tadić, Valerie; Pring, Linda and Dale, Naomi. 2009. Are language and social communication intact in children with congenital visual impairment at school age? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(6), pp. 696-705. ISSN 00219630

Attentional processes in young children with congenital visual impairment
Tadić, Valerie; Pring, Linda and Dale, Naomi. 2009. Attentional processes in young children with congenital visual impairment. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 27(2), pp. 311-330. ISSN 0261510X

Psychological characteristics of children with visual impairments: learning, memory and imagery
Pring, Linda. 2008. Psychological characteristics of children with visual impairments: learning, memory and imagery. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 26(2), pp. 161-171. ISSN 0264-6196

Melody and pitch processing in five musical savants with congenital blindness
Pring, Linda; Woolf, Katherine and Tadić, Valerie. 2008. Melody and pitch processing in five musical savants with congenital blindness. Perception, 37(2), pp. 290-307. ISSN 0301-0066

Spatial processing, mental imagery, and creativity in individuals with and without sight
Eardley, Alison and Pring, Linda. 2007. Spatial processing, mental imagery, and creativity in individuals with and without sight. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 19(1), pp. 37-58. ISSN 0954-1446

Remembering the past and imagining the future: A role for nonvisual imagery in the everyday cognition of the blind and the sighted
Eardley, A. and Pring, Linda. 2006. Remembering the past and imagining the future: A role for nonvisual imagery in the everyday cognition of the blind and the sighted. Memory, 14(9), pp. 925-936. ISSN 09658211

Musical Processing in High Functioning Children with Autism
Heaton, Pam F.; Pring, Linda and Hermelin, Beate. 2006. Musical Processing in High Functioning Children with Autism. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930(1), pp. 443-444. ISSN 00778923

Generating inferences from written and spoken language: A comparison of children with visual impairment and children with sight
Edmonds, Caroline, J. and Pring, Linda. 2006. Generating inferences from written and spoken language: A comparison of children with visual impairment and children with sight. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, pp. 337-351. ISSN 0261-510X

Savant Talent
Pring, Linda. 2005. Savant Talent. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 47(7), pp. 500-503. ISSN 00121622

The effects of cue modality on the quality of personal memories retrieved
Goddard, Lorna; Pring, Linda and Felmingham, Nick. 2005. The effects of cue modality on the quality of personal memories retrieved. Memory, 13(1), pp. 79-86. ISSN 0965-8211

Musical interests and abilities of children with septo-optic dysplasia.
Ockelforda, A.; Welch, G. and Pring, Linda. 2005. Musical interests and abilities of children with septo-optic dysplasia. International Congress Series, 1282, pp. 894-897.

Children with septo-optic dysplasia - musical interests, abilities and provision: The results of a parental survey.
Pring, Linda and Ockelforda, A.. 2005. Children with septo-optic dysplasia - musical interests, abilities and provision: The results of a parental survey. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 23(2), pp. 58-66.

Learning and creativity in a prodigious musical savant.
Ockelforda, A. and Pring, Linda. 2005. Learning and creativity in a prodigious musical savant. International Congress Series, 1282, pp. 903-907.

An investigation of first-order false belief understanding of children with congenital profound visual impairment.
Green, Sarah; Pring, Linda and Swettenham, J.. 2004. An investigation of first-order false belief understanding of children with congenital profound visual impairment. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 22, pp. 1-17. ISSN 0261-510X

Smoking attenuates regular aerobic exercise benefits to episodic free recall immediately following strenuous physical activity
Bunce, David; Hays, Kate and Pring, Linda. 2004. Smoking attenuates regular aerobic exercise benefits to episodic free recall immediately following strenuous physical activity. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18(2), pp. 223-231. ISSN 0888-4080

Numbers and letters: Exploring an autistic savant's unpractised ability
Pring, Linda and Hermelin, Beate. 2002. Numbers and letters: Exploring an autistic savant's unpractised ability. Neurocase, 8(4), pp. 330-337. ISSN 13554794

Recollective experience in individuals with a visual impairment: The role of sensory and conceptual processing.
Pring, Linda and Painter, Joan. 2002. Recollective experience in individuals with a visual impairment: The role of sensory and conceptual processing. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 20, pp. 24-32.

Lack of coherence and divergent thinking: Two sides of the same coin in artistic talent?
Ryder, Nicola; Pring, Linda and Hermelin, Beate. 2002. Lack of coherence and divergent thinking: Two sides of the same coin in artistic talent? Current Psychology, 21(2), pp. 168-175. ISSN 0737-8262

Autobiographical memory in the visually impaired: initial findings and impressions
Goddard, Lorna and Pring, Linda. 2001. Autobiographical memory in the visually impaired: initial findings and impressions. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 19(3), pp. 108-113. ISSN 0264-6196

A Visually Impaired Savant Artist: Interacting Perceptual and Memory Representations
Hermelin, Beate; Pring, Linda; Buhler, Michael; Wolff, Sula and Heaton, Pam F.. 1999. A Visually Impaired Savant Artist: Interacting Perceptual and Memory Representations. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(7), pp. 1129-1139. ISSN 0021-9630

A pseudo-savant: A case of exceptional musical splinter skills
Heaton, Pam F.; Pring, Linda and Hermelin, Beate. 1999. A pseudo-savant: A case of exceptional musical splinter skills. Neurocase, 5(6), pp. 503-509. ISSN 1355-4794

Can children with autistic spectrum disorders perceive affect in music? An experimental investigation
Heaton, Pam F.; Hermelin, Beate and Pring, Linda. 1999. Can children with autistic spectrum disorders perceive affect in music? An experimental investigation. Psychological Medicine, pp. 1405-1410.

Autism and pitch processing: a precursor for savant musical ability?
Heaton, Pam F.; Hermelin, Beate and Pring, Linda. 1998. Autism and pitch processing: a precursor for savant musical ability? Music Perception, 15(3), pp. 291-305. ISSN 0730-7829

Savants, segments, art and autism
Pring, Linda; Hermelin, Beate and Heavey, L.. 1995. Savants, segments, art and autism. The Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry And Allied Disciplines, 36(6), pp. 1065-1076.

A comparison of the word recognition processes of blind and sighted children.
Pring, Linda. 1984. A comparison of the word recognition processes of blind and sighted children. Child Development, 55(5), pp. 1865-1877.

Report

Mapping Arts, Health and Higher Education Collaborative Projects in London
Sheridan, Jill and Pring, Linda. 2007. Mapping Arts, Health and Higher Education Collaborative Projects in London. Project Report. LCACE, London.