About Sociology Research


The Gender of Justice Project

What is the nature of gender harms? How does ‘gender’ shape criminal justice? What is ‘gender justice’?

The Gender of Justice (GoJ) project studies the ‘gender’ of international justice through a unique mix method study of criminal and social justice for conflict-related sexual violence in the war in the former Yugoslavia. This includes the first aggregate study of International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and domestic war crimes prosecutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the international level, the ICTY has led the prosecution of sexual violence crimes. At the national level, Bosnia and Herzegovina is the successor state ‘most affected’ by the widespread sexual violence in the war in the former Yugoslavia, as well as being the focus of international and national programmes to provide justice for crimes committed during the war.

The GoJ research programme consists of three components:

  1. gender harm mapping to identify types of gender harms and map them as a continuum of violence. This section of the project maps sexual violence in the conflict in the former Yugoslavia.
  2. legal field figuration to analyse the gendered configuration of legal norms, institutions, and practices. This section analyses the patterns of sexual violence prosecutions before the ICTY and the national War Crimes Chamber of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BWCC).
  3. relational justice review to evaluate redress for harms. This part evaluates criminal law as a mechanism of transformative justice in the context of Bosnian transitional justice debates, aiming to develop ‘justice indicators’ that can function as markers of social change.

Each of these research strands develops a different element of a new theoretical and methodological framework that can be used for undertaking gender justice research in other conflicts or contexts.

The four year project is based in the Department of Sociology at Goldsmiths University of London. It is led by Kirsten Campbell, with core team researchers working in the UK, The Hague, and Bosnia. The European Research Council funds the project (Grant No. 313626).

GoJ Project Briefing (PDF download)