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Prof Mark Bishop

Staff details

PositionProfessor
Department Computing
Email m.bishop (@gold.ac.uk)
Phone+44 (0)20 7078 5048
Prof Mark Bishop

Prof Mark Bishop's roles include:

Professor of Cognitive Computing

Chair AISB
The AISB is the world's oldest society for the study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour.
Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour.

External Examiner
Undergraduate degrees in Computing, Department of Computing, University of Kent.

I have examined four theses submitted for the award of PhD/MPhil: Anderson (QMW); Pratheepan (BROOKES); Dawidowicz (HERTS) and Marques (ESSEX).

Departmental Duties
These currently include: (a) Co-organiser of the Goldsmith College Whitehead Lectures and (b) Program Leader (MSC Cognitive Computing) MSc course tutor for Cognitive Computing. As a core component of the MSC in Cognitive Computing, I teach the module Cognitive science and its critics.

Part III Undergraduate Projects
I prefer to supervise work in the fields of Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence, but am happy to supervise undergraduate projects in any area of Computer Science.

Part IV and MSC Projects
I am looking to supervise 'Implementational' project work involving Artificial Intelligence, (AI); Neural Networks; Swarm Intelligence and Stochastic Diffusion Processes, (SDPs) in any relevant application domain.

Higher Degree Supervision
I have successfully supervised 8 graduate students to the award of PhD. I currently supervise one research student - Mohammad Majid. I am happy to supervise 'Research Dissertations' in any area of Cognitive Science but prefer to supervise research in the broad area of AI and Cognitive Science; specifically the investigation of the Swarm Intelligence meta-heuristic and the sub-field of Stochastic Diffusion Processes (SDPs).

I also maintain the SDP paper repository at Goldsmiths.

Areas of supervision

Stochastic diffusion processes, new agent-based approach to search and optimisation, cybernetic approaches to artificial intelligence, the philosophy of artificial intelligence.

Featured works

Plenary invitations


International seminars

  • Talk on Philosophy of Information, Lorentz Centre, Leiden University, Holland, (February 2010).
  • Seminars on the Chinese room, Microsoft Research, Seattle, USA, (2002).
  • The Restaurant Game, Alexandria University, EGYPT, (1997).
  • A Tutorial on Weightless Neural Networks, Alexandria University, EGYPT, (1997).


UK university research seminars

  • COGS Seminar, University of Sussex, UK, (February 2010).
  • Mechanical Bodies, Mythical Minds, Department of Computing, Middlesex University, UK, (October 2008).
  • Mechanical Bodies, Mythical Minds, Department of Computing, Hertfordshire University, UK, (October 2008).
  • Cry robot: the crocodile tears of a computing machine, Centre for Cognitive & Neural Systems, University of Warwick, UK, (December 2007).
  • An Introduction to Stochastic Diffusion Processes, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK, (January 2007).
  • Mechanical Bodies, Mythical Minds, Department of Computing, Oxford Brookes University, UK, (April 2004).
  • An Introduction to Search and Optimisation using Stochastic Diffusion Processes, Department of Computing, University of Essex, UK, (February 2004).
  • Mechanical Bodies, Mythical Minds, Department of Psychology, Warwick University, Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, UK, (January 2004).
  • Society Rules: the role of Stochastic Diffusion Processes in Cognition, Computation & Culture, Dept. of Computer Science, Goldsmiths College, University of London, (May 2003).
  • Mechanical Bodies, Mythical Minds, Bioinformatics, Exeter University, (February 2003).
  • Dancing with Pixies, Functional Imaging Laboratory, University College, (UCL), University of London, (November 2001).
  • Stochastic Diffusion Process: self organisation, search & intelligence, University of Cardiff, (November 2001).
  • Stochastic Diffusion Process: self organisation, search & intelligence, University of York, (March 2001).
  • Dancing with Pixies, Queen Mary College, University of London, (March 2001).
  • Stochastic Diffusion Process: self organisation, search & intelligence, University of Kent, (March 2001).
  • Dancing with Pixies, Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, (November 2000).
  • Stochastic Diffusion Processes, Imperial College, London, (November 1999).
  • Redcar Rocks: strong artificial intelligence and panpsychism, McKay Institute of Communication & Neuroscience, University of Keele, UK, (June 1999).

Industry seminars

  • Dancing with Pixies, IBM Hursley Institute of Technology, Winchester, (July 2003).
  • Image Processing & Quality Control, Colourgen, Derby, (April 1996).
  • Computing Machinery & Intelligence, Courtaulds, Derby, (June 1994).
  • Neural Networks: an introduction, ICI Research, Manchester, (June 1991).
  • Neural Networks: a silicon brain excavated from the past, Courtaulds Research, Derby, (March 1991).

Public lectures

  • Mechanical Bodies, Mythical Minds, UK Cybernetics Society, Kings College, UK, (July 2007).
  • Mechanical bodies, mythical minds; dancing with pixies, The Whitehead Lectures on Cognition, Computing & Creativity, Goldsmiths College, (November 2004).
  • Dancing with Pixies: strong Artificial Intelligence & panpsychism, British Computer Society, (Berkshire Branch), (November 2001).
  • Dancing with Pixies, University of Reading Public Lecture Program, (October 2000).
  • Virtual Bodies & Virtual Spaces, The Body and Representation, University of Reading, (May 1997).

Research Interests

Cognitive Computing is an interdisciplinary subject involving biologically-inspired computational accounts of all aspects of natural and artificial cognitive systems and bridges the gap between life sciences, social sciences, engineering, physical and mathematical sciences, and humanities. Areas of particular interest include: artificial intelligence, neural networks, cognitive neuromorphic engineering and other hardware implementations, the philosophy of cognitive computation, cognitive robotics, autonomous cognitive systems, neuroscience nanotechnology, self-organizing, swarm and immune systems, complex systems and control theory, and computational cognitive neuroscience, as well as focusing on the development of latest research into practical Cognitive Computing applications.

Under the aegis of Cognitive Computing my research activity spans Computational Intelligence (theory and applications) and the Philosophy of Computational Intelligence.

In the field of Computational Intelligence I have been involved in foundational theoretical work in the development of a novel conceptual Swarm Intelligence framework, Stochastic Diffusion Processes, whilst also building up substantial experience in the application of Computational Intelligence techniques to real-world problems - most notably in the domain of colour physics, optimisation theory, trajectory planning and localisation. In these areas I have received significant research funding from the EPSRC, ESA (European Space Agency) and the EU.

In contrast, in the area of the Philosophy of Computational Intelligence - together with John Preston - I instigated an international critique of John Searle's 'Chinese Room Argument', one of the most controversial arguments in modern philosophy of mind. This project entailed collaboration with twenty eminent philosophers and scientists including the Nobel Laureate Herbert Simon; Sir Roger Penrose; John Taylor; Kevin Warwick; Terry Winograd; Stevan Harnad; Ned Block; John Haugeland; George Rey and John Searle. In 2002 the completed work was published as the book, Views into the Chinese Room, Preston, J. & Bishop, J.M., (Oxford University Press).

Linked to the above work in the philosophy of AI, I have also developed arguments against the possibility of machine/computational consciousness (for a very brief outline see Bishop, J.M., 2004, Can computers feel?). These have attracted some media attention, not least because they attempt to undermine sensationalist claims that, 'robots will take over the world'. Over the last few years I have been invited to debate this position several times: on TV as a panel guest on the BBC program 'Knowledge Talks' and twice on Radio Four, 'The Today Program' (live) and as one of the keynote speakers on a special New Year's Eve documentary on AI which also included contributions from Susan Blakemore, Jonathan Miller, Marvin Minsky, Kevin Warwick and Arthur C. Clarke.

Awards
At the recent Emerald Publishing Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2006, a paper I co-authored with Dr. Slawek Nasuto, second order cybernetics and enactive perception, won the Norbert Wiener Award and was recognised as Outstanding Paper of 2006 by the journal Kybernetes.

Current research

Now that their mathematical properties are well understood, my current research in computing is centred around examining new application areas for Stochastic Diffusion Processes, (SDPs) and working to embed SDPs within a wider research context, (e.g. evolutionary algorithms; swarm intelligence; interaction algorithms; multi-agent systems etc).


In Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence I continue to argue against computationalism whilst embracing Second Order Cybernetics and Evolutionary Robotics as a more coherent framework within which to understand and build cognitive systems.

In the broad area of cognitive Science I remain interested in exploring second order cybernetics and enactive perception in the context of Francisco Varela's ideas on embodiment, O'Regan & Noe's sensorimotor theories of perception and dynamic theories of cognition.

I am also interested in computations on colour and the philosophy of colour.

Publications

Book

Contemporary Sensorimotor Theory
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. Contemporary Sensorimotor Theory. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN 978-3-319-05107-9

Edited Book

Views into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence
Preston, John and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) , eds. 2002. Views into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford: OUP. ISBN 978-0198250579

Edited Journal

Special Issue on the Turing Test
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) , ed. 2010. Special Issue on the Turing Test.

Book Section

The Singularity, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love AI
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2015. The Singularity, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love AI. In: Vincent Muller, ed. Risks of Artificial Intelligence. Chapman and Hall, pp. 267-280. ISBN 978-1-4987-3482-0

Weak and Strong Computational Creativity
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2015. Weak and Strong Computational Creativity. In: Tarek Richard Besold; Marco Schorlemmer and Alan Smaill, eds. Computational Creativity Research: Towards Creative Machines. 7 Atlantic Press. ISBN 978-94-6239-084-3

Trouble with computation: a refutation of digital ontology
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2015. Trouble with computation: a refutation of digital ontology. In: M. Soskova and B. Cooper, eds. The Incomputable. Springer.

Consciousness and Creativity
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. Consciousness and Creativity. In: William Latham; Atau Tanaka and Frederic Fol Leymarie, eds. Creative Machines [exhibition catalogue]. London: Goldsmiths, pp. 56-57.

AISB50 :Artificial Intelligence at a new branch point
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. AISB50 :Artificial Intelligence at a new branch point. In: Mark (J. M.) Bishop; Kate Devlin; Y.J. Erden; Rodger Kibble; S. McGregor; Mohammad Majid al-Rifaie; Andrew Martin; Monica Moreno Figueroa and S. Rainey, eds. AISB50: Selected Papers. London, UK: The AISB, pp. 1-5. ISBN 978-1-908187-42-0

Non-representational Interaction Design
Gillies, Marco and Kleinsmith, Andrea. 2014. Non-representational Interaction Design. In: Mark (J. M.) Bishop and Andrew Martin, eds. Contemporary Sensorimotor Theory. 15 Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, pp. 201-208. ISBN 978-3-319-05106-2

HeX and the single anthill: playing games with Aunt Hillary
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Nasuto, S.J.; Tanay, T.; Roesch, E. B and Spencer, M.C.. 2014. HeX and the single anthill: playing games with Aunt Hillary. In: Vincent Muller, ed. Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Swarmic Paintings and Colour Attention
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2013. Swarmic Paintings and Colour Attention. In: , ed. Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design. 7834 Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 97-108.

Swarmic Sketches and Attention Mechanism
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark. 2013. Swarmic Sketches and Attention Mechanism. In: , ed. Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design. 7834 Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 85-96.

Cooperation of Nature and Physiologically Inspired Mechanism in Visualisation
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Aber, Ahmed and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2012. Cooperation of Nature and Physiologically Inspired Mechanism in Visualisation. In: Anna Ursyn, ed. Biologically-Inspired Computing for the Arts: Scientific Data through Graphics. USA: IGI Global, pp. 31-58. ISBN 978-1-466-60942-6

Resource Allocation and Dispensation Impact of Stochastic Diffusion Search on Differential Evolution Algorithm
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Blackwell, Tim M.. 2012. Resource Allocation and Dispensation Impact of Stochastic Diffusion Search on Differential Evolution Algorithm. In: , ed. Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2011). 387 Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 21-40.

An Investigation Into the use of Swarm Intelligence for an Evolutionary Algorithm Optimisation
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark and Blackwell, Tim. 2011. An Investigation Into the use of Swarm Intelligence for an Evolutionary Algorithm Optimisation. In: , ed. International Conference on Evolutionary Computation Theory and Application (ECTA 2011). IJCCI.

Stabilizing swarm intelligence search via positive feedback resource allocation
Nasuto, S. and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2008. Stabilizing swarm intelligence search via positive feedback resource allocation. In: G Nicosia; Natalio Krasnogor; D Pelta and M Pavone, eds. Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization, Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol 129. 129 Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, pp. 115-123. ISBN 978-3642240935

Stochastic Diffusion Optimisation: the application of partial function evaluation and stochastic recruitment in Swarm Intelligence optimisation
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; De Meyer, K. and Nasuto, S.J. 2006. Stochastic Diffusion Optimisation: the application of partial function evaluation and stochastic recruitment in Swarm Intelligence optimisation. In: Ajith Abraham; Crina Grosam and Vitorino Ramos, eds. Studies in Computational Intelligence (31): Stigmergic Optimization. Verlag: 978-0312097264, pp. 185-207. ISBN 978-0312097264

Mechanical bodies; mythical minds
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2004. Mechanical bodies; mythical minds. In: Leslie Samuel Smith; Amir Hussain and Igor Aleksander, eds. Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems. Scotland: University of Stirling CD Rom. ISBN 978-1857691993

Dancing with pixies: strong artificial intelligence and panpsychism
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2002. Dancing with pixies: strong artificial intelligence and panpsychism. In: J. Preston and Mark (J. M.) Bishop, eds. Views into the Chinese room. Oxford University Press, pp. 360-378. ISBN 9780198250579

NAPSAC: high noise, high dimensional model parameterisation - its in the bag
Myatt, Darren; Torr, P.H.S; Nasuto, S.; Craddock, R and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2002. NAPSAC: high noise, high dimensional model parameterisation - its in the bag. In: , ed. BMVC 2002: Proceedings of the 13th British Machine Vision Conference : 2nd-5th September 2002, Cardiff University. Cardiff: BMVA, pp. 458-467. ISBN 978-1901725193

Kubelka-Munk or neural networks for computer colorant formulation
Westland, S; Iovine, L and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2001. Kubelka-Munk or neural networks for computer colorant formulation. In: Robert Chung, ed. 9th Congress of the International Color Association (Proceedings of Spie). Rochester, USA: SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engi, pp. 745-748. ISBN 978-0819441287

History and Philosophy of Neural Networks
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . History and Philosophy of Neural Networks. In: Hisao Ishibuchi, ed. EOLSS: Computational Intelligence. UNESCO.

Article

Improving Record Linkage Accuracy with Hierarchical Feature Level Information and Parsed Data
Zhou, Yun; Wang, Minlue; Haberland, Valeriia; Howroyd, John; Danicic, Sebastian and Bishop, Mark. 2016. Improving Record Linkage Accuracy with Hierarchical Feature Level Information and Parsed Data. New Generation Computing,

Phenomenal Promiscuity
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2016. Phenomenal Promiscuity. Constructivist Foundations, 11(2), pp. 421-422.

On Evil and Computational Creativity
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Cropley, A.; Cropley, D. and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2016. On Evil and Computational Creativity. Connection Science,

Steady State Resource Allocation Analysis of the Stochastic Diffusion Search
Nasuto, S.J. and Bishop, J.M.. 2015. Steady State Resource Allocation Analysis of the Stochastic Diffusion Search. Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures, 12, pp. 65-76.

Fear artificial stupidity, not artificial intelligence
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. Fear artificial stupidity, not artificial intelligence. New Scientist, ISSN 0262-4079

Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room
Nasuto, S.J.; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Roesch, E.B. and Spencer, M.C.. 2014. Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room. Philosophy & Technology, pp. 1-15. ISSN 2210-5433

Classification in e-procurement
Roberts, P.J.; Mitchell, R.J.; Ruiz, V.F. and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. Classification in e-procurement. International Journal of Applied Pattern Recognition, 1(3), pp. 298-314.

AISB50: Artificial Intelligence at a new branch point
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. AISB50: Artificial Intelligence at a new branch point. The AISB Quarterly, ISSN 0268-4179

Stochastic Diffusion Search: A Comparison of Swarm Intelligence Parameter Estimation Algorithms with RANSAC
Williams, H. and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2014. Stochastic Diffusion Search: A Comparison of Swarm Intelligence Parameter Estimation Algorithms with RANSAC. Algorithms, 7(2), pp. 206-228. ISSN 1999-4893

Rethinking Construction. On Luciano Floridi’s ‘Against Digital Ontology
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Sdrolia, C. 2013. Rethinking Construction. On Luciano Floridi’s ‘Against Digital Ontology. Minds and Machines, ISSN 0924-6495

Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory
Roesch, E. B; Spencer, Matt; Nasuto, S.J; Tanay, T and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2013. Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory. Constructivist Foundations, 9(1), pp. 26-33. ISSN 1782-348X

Stochastic Diffusion Search Review
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark. 2013. Stochastic Diffusion Search Review. Paladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics, 4(3), pp. 155-173.

Creativity and Autonomy in Swarm Intelligence Systems
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Caines, Suzanne. 2012. Creativity and Autonomy in Swarm Intelligence Systems. Cognitive Computation, 4(3), pp. 320-331. ISSN 1866-9956

Creativity and Autonomy in Swarm Intelligence Systems
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Caines, Suzanne. 2012. Creativity and Autonomy in Swarm Intelligence Systems. Cognitive Computation, 4(3), pp. 320-331. ISSN 1866-9956

Resource Allocation and Dispensation Impact of Stochastic Diffusion Search on Differential Evolution Algorithm
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Blackwell, Tim M.. 2012. Resource Allocation and Dispensation Impact of Stochastic Diffusion Search on Differential Evolution Algorithm. Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimisation, Studies in Computational Intelligence, 387, pp. 21-40. ISSN 1860-949X

Information sharing impact of stochastic diffusion search on differential evolution algorithm
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Blackwell, Tim M.. 2012. Information sharing impact of stochastic diffusion search on differential evolution algorithm. Memetic Computing, 4(4), pp. 327-338. ISSN 1865-9284

All watched over by machines of silent grace
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2011. All watched over by machines of silent grace. Philosophy and Technology, 24(3), pp. 359-362. ISSN 2210-5433

An Investigation into the Merger of Stochastic Diffusion Search and Particle Swarm Optimisation
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Blackwell, Tim M.. 2011. An Investigation into the Merger of Stochastic Diffusion Search and Particle Swarm Optimisation. GECCO-2011: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation, pp. 37-44.

An Investigation Into the use of Swarm Intelligence for an Evolutionary Algorithm Optimisation; The Optimisation Performance of Differential Evolution Algorithm Coupled with Stochastic Diffusion Search
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Blackwell, Tim M.. 2011. An Investigation Into the use of Swarm Intelligence for an Evolutionary Algorithm Optimisation; The Optimisation Performance of Differential Evolution Algorithm Coupled with Stochastic Diffusion Search. International Conference on Evolutionary Computation Theory and Application (ECTA 2011)(3), pp. 1-6.

Creative or Not? Birds and Ants Draw with Muscle
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Aber, Ahmed. 2011. Creative or Not? Birds and Ants Draw with Muscle. Proceedings of AISB'11 Computing and Philosophy, pp. 23-30.

The mining game: a brief introduction to the Stochastic Diffusion Search metaheuristic
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2010. The mining game: a brief introduction to the Stochastic Diffusion Search metaheuristic. Q: The magazine of AISB(130), pp. 8-9.

The Imitation Game
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2010. The Imitation Game. Special Issue on the Turing Test, Kybernetes, 39(3),

A Cognitive Computation Fallacy? Cognition, Computations and Panpsychism
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2009. A Cognitive Computation Fallacy? Cognition, Computations and Panpsychism. Cognitive Computation, 1(3), pp. 221-233. ISSN 1866-9956

Communicating neurons: A connectionist spiking neuron implementation of stochastic diffusion search
Nasuto, S.; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and De Meyer, K.. 2009. Communicating neurons: A connectionist spiking neuron implementation of stochastic diffusion search. Neurocomputing, 72(4-6), pp. 704-712. ISSN 0925-2312

Why computers can't feel pain
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2009. Why computers can't feel pain. Minds and Machines, 19(4), pp. 507-516. ISSN 0924-6495

Search space pruning and global optimisation of multiple gravity assist spacecraft trajectories
Izzo, Dario; Becerra, Victor M.; Myatt, Darren; Nasuto, Slawomir and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2007. Search space pruning and global optimisation of multiple gravity assist spacecraft trajectories. Journal of Global Optimization, 38(2), pp. 283-296. ISSN 15732916

Stochastic diffusion search
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2007. Stochastic diffusion search. Scholarpedia, 2(8), p. 3101.

Second order cybernetics and enactive perception
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Nasuto, S.. 2005. Second order cybernetics and enactive perception. Kybernetes, 34(9/10), pp. 1309-1320. ISSN 0368492X

Dreams, Phantom Limbs and Virtual Reality: challenges to the singularity of space?
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2005. Dreams, Phantom Limbs and Virtual Reality: challenges to the singularity of space? Journal of Neuro-Aesthetic Theory,

An efficient pruning technique for the global optimisation of multiple gravity assist trajectories
Myatt, Darren; Becerra, Victor M.; Nasuto, S.; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Izzo, J. 2005. An efficient pruning technique for the global optimisation of multiple gravity assist trajectories. Global Optimisation, pp. 1-7.

A view inside the Chinese room
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2004. A view inside the Chinese room. Philosopher, 28(4), pp. 47-51.

Can computers feel?
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2004. Can computers feel? AISB Quarterly, 119, p. 6. ISSN 0268-4179

Minimum stable convergence criteria for Stochastic Diffusion Search
Myatt, Darren; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Nasuto, S.. 2004. Minimum stable convergence criteria for Stochastic Diffusion Search. Electronics Letters, 22(40), pp. 112-113. ISSN 0013-5194

Counterfactuals cannot count: A rejoinder to David Chalmers
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2002. Counterfactuals cannot count: A rejoinder to David Chalmers. Consciousness and Cognition, 11(4), pp. 642-652. ISSN 10538100

Dynamic knowledge representation in connectionist systems
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Nasuto, S. and De Meyer, K.. 2002. Dynamic knowledge representation in connectionist systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2415, pp. 308-313. ISSN 0302-9743

Convergence of the Stochastic Diffusion Search
Nasuto, S. and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 1999. Convergence of the Stochastic Diffusion Search. Parallel Algorithms, 14(2), pp. 89-107.

Communication as an emergent metaphor for neuronal operation
Nasuto, S.; Dautenhahn, K and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 1999. Communication as an emergent metaphor for neuronal operation. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 1562, pp. 365-380.

Time complexity analysis of the Stochastic Diffusion Search
Nasuto, S.; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and Lauria, S. 1998. Time complexity analysis of the Stochastic Diffusion Search. Neural Computation '98, pp. 260-266.

Self localisation in the SENARIO autonomous wheelchair
Beattie, P and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 1998. Self localisation in the SENARIO autonomous wheelchair. Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems, 22(3-4), pp. 255-267. ISSN 0921-0296

The autonomous mobile robot SENARIO: a sensor-aided intelligent navigation for powered wheelchairs
Katevas, N; Sgouros, N.M.; Tzafestas, S; Papakonstantinou, G; Beattie, P; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Tsanakas, P and Koutsouris, D. 1997. The autonomous mobile robot SENARIO: a sensor-aided intelligent navigation for powered wheelchairs. IEEE Robotics and Automation, 4(4), pp. 60-70. ISSN 1070-9932

Review - Artificial Intelligence: a modern myth?
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 1995. Review - Artificial Intelligence: a modern myth? Robotica, 13(6), pp. 637-638. ISSN 0263-5747

The application of neural networks to computer recipe prediction
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Bushnell, M.J and Westland, S. 1991. The application of neural networks to computer recipe prediction. Color Research and Application, 16(1), pp. 3-9. ISSN 0361-2317

Pattern Separation in Digital Learning Nets
Aitken, D.; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Mitchell, R.J. and Pepper, S.E.. 1989. Pattern Separation in Digital Learning Nets. Electronics Letters, 25(11), pp. 685-686. ISSN 0013-5194

Conference or Workshop Item

Autopoiesis in Creativity and Art
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) and al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid. 2016. 'Autopoiesis in Creativity and Art'. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Movement and Computing. Greece.

Swarmic Autopoiesis: Decoding de Kooning
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Latham, William; Leymarie, Frederic Fol and Bishop, Mark. 2016. 'Swarmic Autopoiesis: Decoding de Kooning'. In: The AISB16's 3rd International Symposium on Computational Creativity (CC2016). Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Investigating Stochastic Diffusion Search in Data Clustering
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Joyce, Daniel; Shergill, Sukhi and Bishop, J.M.. 2015. 'Investigating Stochastic Diffusion Search in Data Clustering'. In: SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys), 2015. London, United Kingdom.

Investigating stochastic diffusion search in data clustering
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Joyce, Daniel; Shergill, Sukhi and Bishop, Mark. 2015. 'Investigating stochastic diffusion search in data clustering'. In: SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys), 2015. London, United Kingdom.

Extending Naive Bayes Classifier with Hierarchy Feature Level Information for Record Linkage
Zhou, Y.; Howroyd, John; Danicic, Sebastian and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2015. 'Extending Naive Bayes Classifier with Hierarchy Feature Level Information for Record Linkage'. In: AMBN 2015: the second workshop on Advanced Methodologies for Bayesian Network. Yokohama, Japan.

Swarm Intelligence and Weak Artificial Creativity
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark. 2013. 'Swarm Intelligence and Weak Artificial Creativity'. In: The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) 2013: Spring Symposium. Stanford University, United States.

Weak vs. Strong Computational Creativity
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid and Bishop, Mark. 2012. 'Weak vs. Strong Computational Creativity'. In: AISB 2012: Computing and Philosophy. Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Cooperation of Nature and Physiologically Inspired Mechanisms in Visualisation
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Aber, Ahmed and Bishop, Mark (J. M.) . 2012. 'Cooperation of Nature and Physiologically Inspired Mechanisms in Visualisation'. In: Biologically-Inspired Computing for the Arts: Scientific Data through Graphics. USA, United States.

An investigation into the merger of stochastic diffusion search and particle swarm optimisation
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark John and Blackwell, Tim. 2011. 'An investigation into the merger of stochastic diffusion search and particle swarm optimisation'. In: Proceedings of the 13th annual conference on Genetic and evolutionary computation. Dublin, United Kingdom.

Creative or Not? Birds and Ants Draw with Muscles
al-Rifaie, Mohammad Majid; Bishop, Mark and Aber, Ahmed. 2011. 'Creative or Not? Birds and Ants Draw with Muscles'. In: AISB 2011: Computing and Philosophy. York, United Kingdom.

Small world effects in lattice Stochastic Diffusion Search
Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; De Meyer, K. and Nasuto, S.. 2002. 'Small world effects in lattice Stochastic Diffusion Search'. In: ICANN 2002. Madrid, Spain.

Show/Exhibition

The Peckham Experiment
Freee, Freee; Whiles, Annie; David, Jo; House, Rachel; Kenning, Dean; Cobb, Nicholas; Robbins, Freddie; Cloth, Jay; Wayman, Mark; Kwan, Gayle Chong; Bishop, Mark (J. M.) ; Harrison, Ellie and Socialist Choir, Strawberry thieves. 2009. The Peckham Experiment. In: "The Peckham Experiment", Camberwell Space, Camberwell College of Art, United Kingdom, 28th September-7th November 2009.

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