Department of Psychology

Professor Tim Valentine

Position held:
Professor of Psychology

+44 (0)20 7919 7871

+44 (0)20 7919 7873

t.valentine (

Room 200/1 Whitehead Building,
Department of Psychology,
Goldsmiths, University of London,
New Cross, SE14 6NW

Summary of research

  • Eyewitness identification and testimony;
  • Identification from CCTV;
  • Human face recognition.

Academic qualifications

BSc PhD CPsychol CSci FBPsS

Areas of supervision

Current projects:

  • Effect of alcohol on eyewitness identification and testimony.
  • Identifying multiple perpetrators. (In collaboration with Zoe Hobson and Dr Rachel Wilcock, London South Bank University.)
  • Identifying perpetrators with distinctive marks. (In collaboration with Dr Dora Zarkadi, Anglia Ruskin University)

Grants & awards

Valentine, T., Memon, A. & Roberts, A.  Street identifications and there role in the criminal justice system. The Nuffield Foundation. £93,000  (Sept. 2006).

Valentine, T. & Memon, A. Enhancing the effectiveness of video identification. The Nuffield Foundation. £104,000  (Sept. 2003).

Valentine, T. Solomon, C., VisionMetric Ltd. & Kent County Constabulary. Significant witness identification support system. EPSRC. £51,567 (Sept 2003).

See my personal Web pages for a full list of research publications and some downloadable manuscripts.

Research interests

My research is about our ability to recognise and identify people’s faces. My current research is focussed on factors that affect the reliability of eyewitness identification. Previously, I have worked extensively on 'face-space' models of face recognition, with emphasis on the roles of facial distinctiveness, ethnicity and caricature. Other projects have included work on rehabilitation of face memory after brain injury and exploring the structure of our knowledge for familiar people. I regularly provide expert advice on identification issues in criminal cases.

Selected publications

Number of items: 29.


Davis, Josh P. , Valentine, Tim , Memon, Amina and Roberts, Andrew J.. 2015. Identification on the street: a field comparison of police street identifications and video line-ups in England. Psychology, Crime and Law, 21(1), pp. 1-19. ISSN 1068-316X [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Hills, Peter J and Lewis, Michael B. 2014. Face-space: A unifying concept in face recognition research. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, ISSN 1747-0218 [Article]

Roberts, Andrew, Davis, Josh , Valentine, Tim and Memon, Amina. 2014. Should We Be Concerned About Street Identifications? Criminal Law Review(9), pp. 633-654. ISSN 0011-135X [Article]

Hobson, Z., Wilcock, R. and Valentine, Tim . 2013. Multiple suspect showings: A survey of police identification officers. Policing, 7, pp. 79-87. [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Davis, Josh P. , Memon, Amina and Roberts, Andrew. 2012. Live Showups and Their Influence on a Subsequent Video Line-up. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(1), pp. 1-23. ISSN 0888-4080 [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Davis, Josh P. , Memon, Amina and Roberts, A. 2012. Live showups and their influence on a subsequent video lineup. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(1), pp. 1-23. ISSN 0888-4080 [Article]

Smith-Spark, J., Moore, V. and Valentine, Tim . 2012. Long-term age of acquisition effects in famous name processing. Acta Psychologica, 139, pp. 202-211. [Article]

Valentine, Tim and Maras, K. 2011. The effect of cross-examination on the accuracy of adult eyewitness testimony. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25(4), pp. 554-561. ISSN 0888-4080 [Article]

Davis, Josh P. , Valentine, Tim and Davis, Robert. 2010. Computer assisted photo-anthropometric analyses of full-face and profile facial images. Forensic Science International, 200(1-3), pp. 165-176. ISSN 0379-0738 [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Davis, Josh P. , Thorner, Kate, Solomon, Chris and Gibson, Stuart. 2010. Evolving and combining facial composites: Between-witness and within-witness morphs compared. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16(1), pp. 72-86. ISSN 1076-898X [Article]

Davis, Josh P. and Valentine, Tim . 2009. CCTV on trial: Matching video images with the defendant in the dock. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(4), pp. 482-505. ISSN 0888-4080 [Article]

Valentine, Tim and Mesout, Jan. 2009. Eyewitness identification under stress in the London Dungeon. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(2), pp. 151-161. ISSN 0888-4080 [Article]

Thompson, Peter, Anstis, S. M. , Rhodes, G. and Valentine, Tim . 2009. Thompson's 1980 paper. Perception, 38(6), pp. 921-932. ISSN 0301-0066 [Article]

Angeli, Adriana, Davidoff, Jules B. and Valentine, Tim . 2008. Face familiarity, distinctiveness, and categorical perception. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(5), pp. 690-707. ISSN 1747-0218 [Article]

Darling, Stephen, Valentine, Tim and Memon, Amina. 2008. Selection of lineup foils in operational contexts. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22(2), pp. 159-169. ISSN 08884080 [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Darling, Stephen and Memon, Amina. 2007. Do strict rules and moving images increase the reliability of sequential identification procedures? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21(7), pp. 933-949. ISSN 08884080 [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Powell, Jane H., Davidoff, Jules B., Letson, Susan and Greenwood, Richard. 2006. Prevalence and correlates of face recognition impairments after acquired brain injury. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 16(3), pp. 272-297. ISSN 0960-2011 [Article]

Stone, Anna and Valentine, Tim . 2004. Better the devil you know? Non-conscious processing of identity and affect of famous faces. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11(3), pp. 469-474. ISSN 1069-9384 [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Darling, Stephen and Donnelly, Mary. 2004. Why are average faces attractive? The effect of view and averageness on the attractiveness of female faces. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11(3), pp. 482-487. ISSN 1069-9384 [Article]

Valentine, Tim , Darling, S. and Pickering, Alan. 2003. Characteristics of eyewitness identification that predict the outcome of real lineups. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 17(8), pp. 969-993. ISSN 08884080 [Article]

Valentine, Tim and Hollis, J.. 2001. Proper name processing: Are proper names pure referencing expressions? Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory and Cognition, 27(1), pp. 99-116. ISSN 02787393 [Article]

Valentine, Tim and Heaton, Pam F.. 1999. An evaluation of the fairness of police line-ups and video identifications. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 13(S1), S59-S72. ISSN 08884080 [Article]

Book Section

Valentine, Tim . 2014. Estimating the reliability of eyewitness identification. In: T.J. Perfect and D. S. Lindsay, eds. Sage handbook of applied memory. London: Sage, pp. 579-594. ISBN 978-1-4462-0842-7 [Book Section]

Valentine, Tim , Hughes, Carwyn and Munro, Rod. 2009. Recent developments in eyewitness identification procedures in the United Kingdom. In: Ray Bull, Tim Valentine and Tom Williamson, eds. The handbook of psychology of investigative interviewing. Chichester: Wiley, pp. 221-240. ISBN 0470512687 [Book Section]

Edited Book

Bull, Ray, Valentine, Tim and Williamson, Tom, eds. 2009. Handbook of psychology of investigative interviewing: current developments and future directions. Chichester: Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-51267-8 [Edited Book]

This list was generated on Mon Apr 20 20:57:27 2015 BST.

Content last modified: 13 May 2014

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