Useful References

Useful resources to learn more about Creole languages.

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Acton , T.A & Dalphinis, M (eds) Language, Blacks and Gypsies, London : Whiting & Birch, 2000

Benítez Rojo, Antonio The Repeating Island: The Caribbean and The Postmodern Perspective, translated by James Maraniss, Durham , N.C: Duke University Press, c1996

Burnett, Paula Derek Walcott: Politics and Poetics, Gainesville : University Press of Florida, c2000

_________ The Penguin book of Caribbean Verse: in English, Harmondsworth: Penguin , 1986.

Bobb, June Beating a Restless Drum: The Poetics of Kamau Brathwaite and Derek Walcott, Trenton , NJ : Africa World Press, c1998

Bolland, O Nigel (ed) The Birth of Caribbean Civilisation: A Century of Ideas about Culture and Identity, Nation and Society Kingston [ Jamaica ];  Miami : Ian Randle Publishers, 2004

Brathwaite, Edward Kamau, Middle Passages,  New York : New Directions, c1993

_________ History of the Voice: The Development of Nation Language in Anglophone Caribbean Poetry,   London : New Beacon, 1984

_________ The Development of Creole Society in Jamaica , 1770-1820 , Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1978

_________ Iouanaloa: Recent Writing from St Lucia , Castries : [Printed for the] Dept. of Extra Mural Studies, [University of the West Indies ], St. Lucia , [by the Govt. Printer], 1963

Breen, Henry H. St. Lucia: Historical, Statistical and Descriptive, London : Frank Cass, 1970.

Brock, Colin Saint Lucia,  London : Macmillan, 1976

Carrington, Lawrence D St Lucian Creole: A descriptive analysis of its phonology and morphosyntax, Hamburg : Helmut Buske, 1984

Césaire, Aimé Notebook of a Return to My Native Land Newcastle upon Tyne : Bloodaxe Books Ltd, 1995

Chamberlain, J. Come Back to Me My Language. Chicago : University of Illinois Press, 1993.

Chaudenson, Robert Creolization of Language and Culture, revised in collaboration with Salikoko S. Mufwene; translated by Sheri Pargman [et al.],  London; New York: Routledge, 2001

Collier, Gordon & Fleischmann, Ulrich (eds) ‘A Pepper-Pot of Cultures: Aspects of Creolization in the Caribbean, Matatu, Vol 27-28, 2003

Dalphinis, Morgan Caribbean & African Languages: Social History, Language, Literature and Education, London : Karia Press, 1985.

_________ For those who will come after![collected poems 1968-1985] London : Karia, 1985

Devonish, Hubert Language and Liberation: Creole Language Politics in the Caribbean , London : Karia, 1986.

Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks, New York ; Grove Press, 1967

_________ Wretched of the Earth, translated by Constance Farrington, New York : Grove Press, 1963, originally published as Les Damnés de la Terre, Paris: Maspéro, 1961

Frank, David (ed) Kwéyòl Dictionary, Castries : Ministry of Education, 2001

Fumagalli, Maria. Agenda: Special Issue on Derek Walcott, No 39, Winter 2002-2003 (2003), p416.

Gikandi, Simon Writing in Limbo, New York : Cornell University Press, 1992

Goodman, Morris Franklin. A Comparative Study of Creole French Dialects, Hague: Mouton, 1964.

Haigh, Sam (ed) An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone Writing:  Guadeloupe and Martinique , Oxford : Berg, 1999

Hamner, Robert D (ed) Critical Perspectives on Derek Walcott, Washington: Three Continents Press, 1933

Henry, Paget Caliban's Reason: Introducing Afro-Caribbean Philosophy,  New York : Routledge, c2000

Hippolyte, K. Confluence: Nine St Lucian Poets , St Lucia : The Source, 1988.

Holm, John An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles, Cambridge : CUP,

_________ Pidgins and Creoles, Cambridge : CUP, 1988

James, W & Harris, C Inside Babylon : The Caribbean Diaspora in Britain , 1993.

Juneja, R, Caribbean Transactions: West Indian Culture in Literature, London : Macmillan Education, 1996

King, Bruce Derek Walcott: A Caribbean Life , Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2000.

Lamming, G, The Pleasures of Exile USA : University of Michigan Press, 1992

Le Page, R B and Tabouret-Keller, Andree Acts of Identity: Creole-Based Approaches to Language and Ethnicity, Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Mondesir, Jones E. Let us say it in Kwéyòl: A Collection of Folk Tales, Poetry, Jokes, Proverbs, Puns and Limericks: an English translation of "Annou-Di-in An Kwéyòl, London :  Southwark College , Language and Literacy Unit, 1992.

Morgan, Marcyliena H. (ed) Language & the Social Construction of Identity in Creole Situations with essays by Mervyn Alleyne ... [et al.],   Los Angeles : Center for Afro-American Studies, University of California , Los Angeles , 1994.

Nair, Supriya Caliban's Curse: George Lamming and the Revisioning of History USA : Michigan Press, 1999

Naylor, Paul Poetic investigations: Singing the Holes in History,  Evanston , Ill : Northwestern University Press, c1999

Grace Nichols, I is a long- Memoried Woman, London : Karnak House, 1990

Nourbese Philip, Marlene She Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks, UK : Women’s Press, 1989

Pollard, Velma  Dread Talk: The Language of Rastafari, Kingston , Jamaica : Canoe Press , c1994.

Popeau, Jean Baptiste Dialogues Of Negritude: An Analysis of the Cultural Context of Black Writing, North Carolina : Carolina Academic Press, 2003

Romaine, Suzanne Pidgin and Creole Languages,  London ;  New York : Longman, 1988

Shepherd, Verene A. & Richards, Glen L. (eds) Questioning Creole: Creolisation Discourses in Caribbean Culture: In Honour of Kamau Brathwaite, Kingston , Jamaica : Ian Randle:  Oxford : James Currey, 2002  

Tanna, Laura. Jamaican Folk Tales and Oral Histories, Jamaica : Institute of Jamaica Publications Ltd, 1984.

Todd, Loretto Derek Walcott: Selected Poems, Harlow : Longman, 1993.

Walcott, Derek What the Twilight Says:Essays, London : Faber, 1998

_________ Collected Poems 1948-1984, London ; Boston : Faber and Faber, 1992

_________ Omeros, London : Faber, 1990

_________ Dream on Monkey Mountain : And Other Plays ,  New York : Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1970  

_________The Fortunate Traveller, London : Faber and Faber, 1982

_________ In a Green Night: Poems 1948-1960, London : Jonathan Cape , 1972.

_________ The Star-Apple Kingdom , London : Jonathan Cape , 1980.

_________Three Plays, New York : Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1986.

Wilson-Tagoe, N. Historical Thought and Literary Representation in West Indian History, London : James Curry Ltd, 1998.

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Burton, Richard D. E. ‘Debrouya Pa Peche, Or Il y a Toujours Moyen De Moyenner: Patterns of Opposition in the Fiction of Patrick Chamoiseau’, Callaloo, Vol. 16, No. 2. (Spring, 1993), pp. 466-481.

Fox, Robert ‘Derek Walcott: History as Dis-ease’, Callaloo, Vol 27, Spring 1986, pp331-340

Guttman, Naomi ‘Dream of the Mother Language: Myth and History in She Tries Her Tongue, Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks, MELUS, Vol 21 No 3, USA: MELUS, 1996, pp53-68

Hirsch, Edward & Walcott, Derek ‘An Interview with Derek Walcott’, Contemporary Literature, Vol 20, No 3, 1979, pp279-292

Lehmann, Sophia ‘In Search of a Mother-Tongue: Locating Home in Diaspora, MELUS, Vol 23 No 4, USA: MELUS, 1998, pp101-118

Leotin, Georges-Henri & Houyoux, Suzanne, ‘A Summary Overview of Antillean Literature in Creole: Martinique and Guadeloupe (1960-1980)’ in Callaloo, Vol. 15, No. 1, The Literature of Guadeloupe and Martinique. (Winter, 1992), pp. 190-19 8

Nair, Supriya ‘Diasporic Roots: Imagining a Nation in Earl Lovelace’s Salt, South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol 100 No 1, pp259-285

Peter, Samuel & Frank, David ‘Translating Poetry & Figurative Language into St Lucian Creole’, paper presented 13 th Biennial Conference of the Society for Caribbean Linguists in Mona , Jamaica in August 2000

Ramchand, Kenneth ‘West Indian Literary History: Literariness, Orality and Periodization, Callaloo, No 34, 1988, pp95-110

Winford, Donald ‘Sociolinguistic Approaches to Language Use in the Anglophone Caribbean’ in Language & The Social Construction of Identity in Creole Situations, Los Angeles : Center for Afro-American Studies, 1994, p45

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