Dr Andrew Cooper

Staff details

Position Reader
Department Psychology
Email a.cooper (@gold.ac.uk)
Phone +44 (0)20 7919 7874
Dr Andrew Cooper

Summary of research

Personality and emotion states; emotion regulation; psychometrics and scale development; decision-making; addictive behaviours.

Areas of supervision

I am happy to consider projects for undergraduate and postgraduate supervision in the following broad areas:

  • Extraversion, positive emotion states and subjective well-being
  • Extraversion and approach motivation for reward
  • Personality and mood state effects on decision-making and problem-solving
  • Neural indices associated with reward processing and anhedonia
  • Risk and resilience factors in the onset and development of adolescent substance
  • The role of positive and negative urgency traits in alcohol and cannabis use.


Research Interests

My research largely focuses on understanding how variation in key personality traits is underpinned by emotional and motivational states, and the neural systems that potentially regulate these processes.

Most recently, this research has focused on how individual differences in extraversion relate to the experience of positive affective states and approach to rewarding stimuli, and how the links between these processes are underpinned by dopaminergic processes in the brain.

Related to this research, I am also interested in the role that impulsivity-related personality traits and emotional states play in decision-making and risk-taking broadly, and in the context of substance use and gambling more specifically.

Lastly, my work in these areas has often involved the development and testing of psychometric instruments, and so I am interested in the application of statistical techniques, such as Item Response Theory, in the development and testing of measurement tools in personality and clinical research. 

Publications and research outputs

Book Section

Gomez, Rapson and Cooper, Andrew. 2008. Reinforcement sensitivity theory and mood induction studies. In: Philip J. Corr, ed. The reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 291-316. ISBN 9780521617369


Kale, Dimitra; Pickering, Alan and Cooper, Andrew. 2023. Electronic cigarette use among adult smokers: longitudinal associations with smoking and trait impulsivity. Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891

Megranahan, Karen and Cooper, Andrew. 2023. Provision of creative arts interventions in UK drug and alcohol services: A cross-sectional study. Qeios, A81M47. ISSN 2632-3834

Megranahan, Karen; Megranahan, Danielle and Cooper, Andrew. 2023. Non‑pharmacological Interventions for Problematic Substance Use: a Rapid Overview of Cochrane Systematic Reviews. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, ISSN 1557-1874

Lachmann, Bernd; Doebler, Anna; Sindermann, Cornelia; Sariyska, Rayna; Cooper, Andrew; Haas, Heidrun and Montag, Christian. 2021. The molecular genetics of life satisfaction: Extending findings from a recent genome-wide association study and examining the role of the serotonin transporter. Journal of Happiness Studies, 22(1), pp. 305-322. ISSN 1389-4978

Wilks, Zoe; Perkins, Adam; Cooper, Andrew; Pliszka, Bartlomiej; Cleare, Anthony and Young, Allan. 2020. Relationship of a big five personality questionnaire to the symptoms of affective disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 277, pp. 14-20. ISSN 0165-0327

Kale, Dimitra; Pickering, Alan and Cooper, Andrew. 2020. Examining the relationship between impulsivity-related personality traits and e-cigarette use in adults. Addictive Behaviors, 106, 106348. ISSN 0306-4603

Sindermann, Cornelia; Cooper, Andrew and Montag, Christian. 2020. A short review on susceptibility to falling for fake political news. Current Opinion in Psychology, 36, pp. 44-48. ISSN 2352-250X

Kale, Dimitra; Pickering, Alan and Cooper, Andrew. 2020. Examining the Psychometric Properties of the CEAC (Comparing e-Cigarette and Cigarette) Questionnaire and Its Usefulness as a Predictor of e-Cigarette Use. Substance Use & Misuse, 55(1), pp. 147-155. ISSN 1082-6084

Smillie, Luke D.; Jach, Hayley K. M.; Hughes, David M.; Wacker, Jan; Cooper, Andrew and Pickering, Alan. 2019. Extraversion and Reward-Processing: Consolidating Evidence from an Electroencephalographic Index of Reward-Prediction-Error. Biological Psychology, 146, 107735. ISSN 0301-0511

Sindermann, Cornelia; Cooper, Andrew and Montag, Christian. 2019. Empathy, autistic tendencies, and systemizing tendencies - Relationships between standard self-report measures. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10(307),

Sittler, Mareike C.; Cooper, Andrew and Montag, Christian. 2019. Is empathy involved in our emotional response to music? The role of the PRL gene, empathy, and arousal in response to happy and sad music. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain, 29(1), pp. 10-21. ISSN 0275-3987

Pugnaghi, Giulia; Cooper, Andrew; Ettinger, Ulrich and Corr, Philip J. 2018. The Psychometric Properties of the German Language Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory-Personality Questionnaire (RST-PQ). Journal of Individual Differences, 39(3), pp. 182-190. ISSN 1614-0001

Guenole, Nigel; Brown, Anna and Cooper, Andrew. 2018. Forced-Choice Assessment of Work-Related Maladaptive Personality Traits: Preliminary Evidence From an Application of Thurstonian Item Response Modeling. Assessment, 25(4), pp. 513-526. ISSN 1073-1911

Kale, Dimitra; Stautz, Kaidy and Cooper, Andrew. 2018. Impulsivity related personality traits and cigarette smoking in adults: A meta-analysis using the UPPS-P model of impulsivity and reward sensitivity. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 185, pp. 149-167. ISSN 0376-8716

Lachmann, Bernd; Sindermann, Cornelia; Sariyska, Rayna; Luo, Ruixue; Melchers, Martin; Becker, Benjamin; Cooper, Andrew and Montag, Christian. 2018. The role of empathy and life satisfaction in Internet and Smartphone Use Disorder. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, pp. 1-11.

Cooper, Andrew; Stirling, Sarah; Dawe, Sharon; Pugnaghi, Giulia and Corr, Philip J. 2017. Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of personality in children: A new questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 115, pp. 65-69. ISSN 0191-8869

Martin, William Robert and Cooper, Andrew. 2017. Subjective well-being in a remote culture: The Himba. Personality and Individual Differences, 115, pp. 19-22. ISSN 0191-8869

Stautz, Kaidy; Dinc, Linda and Cooper, Andrew. 2017. Combining trait models of impulsivity to improve explanation of substance use behaviour. European Journal of Personality, 31(1), pp. 118-132. ISSN 0890-2070

Corr, Philip J and Cooper, Andrew. 2016. The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality Questionnaire (RST-PQ): Development and Validation. Psychological Assessment, 28(11), pp. 1427-1440. ISSN 1040-3590

Sindermann, Cornelia; Lei, Mi; Sariyska, Rayna; Lachmann, Bernd; Duke, Eilish; Cooper, Andrew; Warneck, Lidia and Montag, Christian. 2016. The 2D:4D-Ratio and Neuroticism Revisited: Empirical Evidence from Germany and China. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 811.

Lachmann, Bernd; Sariyska, Rayna; Kannen, Christopher; Cooper, Andrew and Montag, Christian. 2016. Life satisfaction and problematic Internet use: Evidence for gender specific effects. Psychiatry Research, 238, pp. 363-367. ISSN 0165-1781

Tadić, Valerija; Cooper, Andrew; Cumberland, Phillippa; Lewando-Hundt, Gillian and Rahi, Jugnoo S.. 2016. Measuring the Quality of Life of Visually Impaired Children: First Stage Psychometric Evaluation of the Novel VQoL_CYP Instrument. PLoS ONE, 11(2), pp. 1-15. ISSN 1932-6203

Brown, Gary; Hawkes, Nick; Cooper, Andrew; Solveig, Jonsdottir and Tata, Philip. 2015. The Anxiety Attitude and Belief Scale-2: Development, measurement model, and initial validity. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22(6), pp. 687-697. ISSN 1063-3995

Dinc, Linda and Cooper, Andrew. 2015. Positive affective states and alcohol consumption: The moderating role of trait positive urgency. Addictive Behaviors, 47, pp. 17-21. ISSN 0306-4603

Reuter, Martin; Cooper, Andrew; Smillie, Luke D.; Markett, Sebastian and Montag, Christian. 2015. A new measure for the revised reinforcement sensitivity theory: Psychometric criteria and genetic validation. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 9, pp. 1-12. ISSN 1662-5137

Ho, Paul; Cooper, Andrew; Hall, Phillip and Smillie, Luke. 2015. Factor structure and construct validity of the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 97(2), pp. 200-208. ISSN 0022-3891

Montag, Christian; Felten, Andrea; Markett, Sebastian; Fischer, Luise; Winkel, Katja; Cooper, Andrew and Reuter, Martin. 2014. The role of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism in individual differences in long-term memory capacity. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 54(4), pp. 796-802. ISSN 0895-8696

Stautz, Kaidy and Cooper, Andrew. 2014. Trait urgency and substance use decision making in adolescents and young adults: The role of socio-affective factors. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, pp. 174-179. ISSN 0191-8869

Stautz, Kaidy and Cooper, Andrew. 2014. Personality correlates of susceptibility to peer influence in adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 37(4), pp. 401-405. ISSN 0140-1971

Stautz, Kaidy and Cooper, Andrew. 2014. Urgency Traits and Problematic Substance Use in Adolescence: Direct Effects and Moderation of Perceived Peer Use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28(2), pp. 487-497. ISSN 0893-164X

Cooper, Andrew; Duke, Eilish; Pickering, Alan and Smillie, Luke D.. 2014. Individual differences in reward prediction error: Contrasting relations between feedback-related negativity and trait measures of reward sensitivity, impulsivity and extraversion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 248. ISSN 1662-5161

De Fockert, J. W. and Cooper, Andrew. 2014. Higher levels of depression are associated with reduced global bias in visual processing. Cognition & Emotion, 28(3), pp. 541-549. ISSN 0269-9931

Tadić, Valerija; Cooper, Andrew; Cumberland, Phillippa; Lewando-Hundt, Gillian and Rahi, Jugnoo. 2013. Development of the Functional Vision Questionnaire for Children and Young People with Visual Impairment: The FVQ_CYP. Ophthalmology, 120(12), pp. 2725-2732. ISSN 0161-6420

Pickering, Alan; Cooper, Andrew; Smillie, Luke and Corr, Philip. 2013. On the shoulders of giants. The Psychologist, 26(1), pp. 22-25. ISSN 0952-8229

Stautz, Kaidy and Cooper, Andrew. 2013. Impulsivity-related personality traits and adolescent alcohol use: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 33(4), pp. 574-592. ISSN 0272-7358

Smillie, Luke; Geaney, Joachim; Wilt, Joshua; Cooper, Andrew and Revelle, William. 2013. Aspects of extraversion are unrelated to pleasant affective reactivity: Further examination of the Affective Reactivity Hypothesis. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, pp. 580-587. ISSN 0092-6566

Smillie, Luke D.; Cooper, Andrew; Wilt, Joshua and Revelle, William. 2012. Do Extraverts Get More Bang for the Buck? Refining the Affective-Reactivity Hypothesis of Extraversion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(2), pp. 306-326. ISSN 0022-3514

Cella, Matteo; Dymond, Simon; Cooper, Andrew and Turnbull, Oliver. 2012. Cognitive decision modelling of emotion-based learning impairment in schizophrenia: The role of awareness. Psychiatry Research, 196, pp. 15-19. ISSN 0165-1781

Smillie, Luke D.; Cooper, Andrew and Pickering, Alan. 2011. Individual differences in reward-prediction-error: extraversion and feedback-related negativity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6(5), pp. 646-652. ISSN 1749-5016

Smillie, Luke D.; Cooper, Andrew; Tharp, Ian and Pelling, Emma L.. 2010. Individual differences in cognitive control: the role of psychoticism and working memory in set-shifting. British Journal of Psychology, 100(4), pp. 629-643. ISSN 00071269

Cooper, Andrew and Petrides, K. V.. 2010. A psychometric analysis of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire-short form (TEIQue-SF) using item response theory. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92(5), pp. 449-457. ISSN 0022-3891

Cella, Matteo; Dymond, Simon and Cooper, Andrew. 2010. Impaired flexible decision-making in Major Depressive Disorder. Journal of Affective Disorders, 123(1-2), pp. 207-210. ISSN 0165-0327

Perkins, Adam; Cooper, Andrew; Abdellal, Maura; Smillie, Luke D. and Corr, Philip. 2010. Personality and defensive reactions: fear, trait anxiety and threat magnification. Journal Of Personality, 78(3), pp. 1071-1090.

Dymond, Simon; Cella, Matteo; Cooper, Andrew and Turnbull, Oliver. 2010. The contingency-shifting variant Iowa Gambling Task: an investigation with young adults. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 32(3), pp. 239-248. ISSN 1380-3395

Smillie, Luke D.; Cooper, Andrew; Proitsi, Petroula; Powell, John F. and Pickering, Alan. 2010. Variation in DRD2 dopamine gene predicts extraverted personality. Neuroscience Letters, 468(3), pp. 234-237. ISSN 03043940

Cooper, Andrew; Smillie, Luke D. and Corr, Philip J.. 2010. A confirmatory factor analysis of the Mini-IPIP five-factor model personality scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(5), pp. 688-691. ISSN 01918869

Cella, Matteo; Dymond, Simon and Cooper, Andrew. 2009. Impairment in flexible emotion-based learning in hallucination- and delusion-prone individuals. Psychiatry Research, 170(1), pp. 70-74. ISSN 01651781

Cooper, Andrew and Aucote, Helen. 2009. Measuring the psychological consequences of breast cancer screening: a confirmatory factor analysis of the Psychological Consequences Questionnaire. Quality of Life Research, 18(5), pp. 597-604. ISSN 0962-9343

Aucote, Helen and Cooper, Andrew. 2009. Relationships between body fatness, small-screen sedentary activity and regionality among schoolchildren in Victoria, Australia. Australian Journal Of Rural Health, 17(3), pp. 141-146.

Cella, Matteo; Cooper, Andrew; Dymond, Simon and Reed, Phil. 2008. The relationship between dysphoria and proneness to hallucination and delusions among young adults. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 49(6), pp. 544-550. ISSN 0010440X

Cooper, Andrew and Gomez, Rapson. 2008. The development of a short form of the sensitivity to punishment and sensitivity to reward questionnaire. Journal of Individual Differences, 29(2), pp. 90-104. ISSN 1614-0001

Cooper, Andrew; Gomez, Rapson and Buck, Emily. 2008. The relationships between the BIS and BAS, anger and responses to anger. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(2), pp. 403-413. ISSN 01918869

Cooper, Andrew; Smillie, Luke D. and Jackson, Chris J.. 2008. A trait conceptualization of reward-reactivity. Journal of Individual Differences, 29(3), pp. 168-180. ISSN 1614-0001

Cella, Matteo; Dymond, Simon; Cooper, Andrew and Turnbull, Oliver. 2007. Effects of decision-phase time constraints on emotion-based learning in the Iowa Gambling Task. Brain and Cognition, 64(2), pp. 164-169. ISSN 02782626

Cooper, Andrew; Gomez, Rapson and Aucote, Helen. 2007. The Behavioural Inhibition System and Behavioural Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales: measurement and structural invariance across adults and adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(2), pp. 295-305. ISSN 01918869

Cooper, Andrew. 2007. Delay discounting and problem gambling. Analysis of Gambling Behaviour, 1(1), pp. 21-22.

Cooper, Andrew; Perkins, Adam M. and Corr, Philip J.. 2007. A confirmatory factor analytic study of anxiety, fear, and Behavioral Inhibition System measures. Journal of Individual Differences, 28(4), pp. 179-187. ISSN 1614-0001

Gomez, Rapson; Cooper, Andrew and Gomez, Andre. 2005. An item response theory analysis of the Carver and White (1994) BIS/BAS Scales. Personality and Individual Differences, 39(6), pp. 1093-1103. ISSN 01918869

Gomez, Rapson; Cooper, Andrew; McOrmond, Rhonda and Tatlow, Sara. 2004. Gray's reinforcement sensitivity theory: comparing the separable and joint subsystems. Hypotheses in the predictions of pleasant and unpleasant emotional information processing. Personality and Individual Differences, 37(2), pp. 289-305. ISSN 0191-8869

Richards, Jeffrey C.; Cooper, Andrew and Winkelman, John H.. 2003. Interoceptive accuracy in nonclinical panic. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27(4), pp. 447-461. ISSN 01475916

Gomez, Rapson; Gomez, Andre and Cooper, Andrew. 2002. Neuroticism and extraversion as predictors of negative and positive emotional information processing: comparing Eysenck's, Gray's, and Newman's theories. European Journal of Personality, 16(5), pp. 333-350. ISSN 0890-2070

Gomez, Rapson; Cooper, Andrew and Gomez, Andre. 2000. Susceptibility to positive and negative mood states: test of Eysenck’s, Gray’s and Newman’s theories. Personality and Individual Differences, 29(2), pp. 351-365. ISSN 01918869