Dr Chris Wright originally trained as an artist, producing work in painting, photography, and video. He then worked for several years in independent filmmaking making feature length Super 8 and 16mm films, before becoming the Photographic Archivist at the Royal Anthropological Institute in 1992.
During his time at the RAI, he was awarded a three-year Leverhulme Trust award to return three major collections of 19th century anthropological photographs to their source communities in the southwest USA, Sikkim (Himalayas), and the Solomon Islands (south Pacific). He has curated a number of exhibitions, including The Impossible Science of Being at the Photographer’s Gallery, London (combining 19th century anthropological photographs with responses to the archive from contemporary artists and photographers), and Presence at Leighton House west London in 2003 (see Bedazzlement link on this page).
He taught as a Visiting Tutor in the Anthropology Department at Goldsmiths in the late 1990’s before doing his PhD at University College London and returning to the department as a lecturer in 2002. His teaching is largely around themes and arguments within visual anthropology, practical training in visual production, and the connections between anthropology and contemporary art practices.
He continues to work for a local community-based video co-operative where he lives, making films with teenagers, and alongside this he continues to experiment with the practical possibilities of using digital video, sound and photography within anthropology
Dr Wright is a specialist in visual anthropology with teaching links to the BA Social Anthropology, BA Anthropology with Visual Practice, and MA Visual Anthropology programmes. He is also responsible for the visual aspects of MPhil/PhD training.
He convenes the MRes in Visual Anthropology.
He teaches the following courses:
- Introduction to Visual Practice
- Anthropology and the Visual II
- Anthropology and the Visual: Production Course
- Photography and Sound
- Anthropology of Art I
- Intercultural Film
- Anthropology of London
Areas of supervision
His main areas of PhD supervision revolve around visual anthropology and a whole range of approaches to the use of images in anthropological fieldwork, alongside the study of other visual cultures. He has recently supervised PhD projects that have focused on the study of contemporary art conservation practices (for which he collaborated with the White Cube Gallery, London), and the role of photographic images in Amnesty International campaigns.
- JoAnna Sedillo, 'Lowrider Car Culture in New Mexico, USA'
- Mina Lavender, 'Japanese ‘purikura’ Photo-Booth Photography and Gender'
- Toby Austin-Locke, 'Creative Commons in New Cross, London'
- Minou Norouzi, 'Object Documentary: objectifying practices in contemporary documentary' (joint supervision of practice-led film PhD with Media/Comms Department, Goldsmiths)
Completed PhD students
- Katrina Crear, 'The Material Lives and Deaths of Contemporary Artworks'
- Amy Johnstone, 'The Social Life of Human Rights Images'
In the 1920’s anthropologist Arthur Hocart wrote about the reaction of Solomon Islanders to photographs –
“The soul is called galagala, which also means a shadow, a reflection; it is caught in a camera. A Shortland man says ‘it stop all over a man’: by taking a looking glass you can see it. When a man dies, his soul (galagala) comes out at the mouth: some men can see it by the use of charms. Rakoto says it is just like a man and big or small according as it belongs to an adult or a child. A certain shadowiness seems associated with departing spirits, for one man asked whether a vague figure in an advertisment of Odol [a brand of soap] was a ghost.”
1922 A.M.Hocart ‘The Cult of the Dead in Eddystone. Part 1’ Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 52: 71-112
“Spirits - you can see their shadow, and you can see it in the photo – not clear, blurred. Something remains, the echo of things, your shadow in the photo. The soul is like a magnetic thing. People have an opposite, that is our spirit. The photo contains a person and their shadow. Strong power can make a material. Our ancestors talk and receive and that can happen with photos too. Some photos are very strong – electric. They take things from the air and make them real. The spirit can make things form on the photo. The spirit can stay in the photo like in the skull.”
Faletau Leve. Roviana Lagoon. Solomon Islands 2001
The ability to ‘capture souls’ is a founding myth of photography within European and North American traditions and it continues to mark photography as a distinctly savage practice. It continues to be a defining characteristic of photography’s vernacular use. Their uncanny ability to achieve a presence is responsible for the strange intensity of our attachment to particular photographs. Hocart’s account reveals that, although it may have been subject to certain fears, photography was readily ascribed a place by Solomon Islanders’ within a pre-existing scheme of relations between the living and the dead, between the seen and the unseen. Does this represent an aberrant reading, a mis-reading pf photography, or a recognition of one of its fundamental tasks?
His research on photography in the Solomon Islands is an attempt to understand contemporary attitudes towards the medium and trace some of its connections to ideas of memory and history. Contemporary photographs, processed by machine in Australia, often dis-colour, fade and gradually disappear as a result of the interaction between chemical processes of reproduction and the intense heat and humidity of the Solomon Islands – a process which causes much distress to people who may only own a few images. Photography’s reproducibility – an aspect taken to be fundamental to European and North American conceptions of the medium – is not recognized in the Solomon Islands, and as a result the photograph retains the aura of a unique object. It is intimately bound up with local ideas of ‘soul’ (maqomaqo) and the connections between ideas about spirits and souls forms a central feature of understandings of photography.
His research interests centre around visual anthropology, including photography, visual culture, aesthetics, film, material culture, contemporary art, and the relation of visual images to ethno-history.
He worked as the Photographic Archivist at the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland during the 1990’s and, with funding from the Leverhulme Trust, was involved in various projects to return collections of anthropological photographs to local communities in New Mexico (USA), Sikkim, and the Solomon Islands. These projects involved a wide range of strategies for ‘returning’ photographs to individuals and groups, from photographs hung on strings in people’s houses, to major permanent exhibitions. He co-curated The Impossible Science of Being: dialogues between anthropology and photography at the Photographers Gallery, London in 1995, and Presence at Leighton House, London in 2003. The latter was an innovatory exhibition that featured interventions and installations (including a sound piece by the artist Mohini Chandra) by four contemporary artists and archival material from the Royal Anthropological Institute Photographic Collection. Both sets of material were inserted alongside the existing permanent exhibits at Leighton House.
He has carried out fieldwork in the Solomon Islands, South Pacific in 1998 and in 2000-2001 funded by the Arts and Humanities Reseacrh Council, UK. This focused on links between photography, material culture, and memory, and formed the focus of my PhD. He is currently working on this material as the basis of a book ‘“The Echo of Things”: photography in the western Solomon Islands” due to be published by Duke University Press.
He is currently working on the practical and theoretical connections between anthropology and contemporary art, particularly in relation to the anthropology of the senses. In 2003, he was the co-initiator and co-organiser of Fieldworks: dialogues between art and anthropology, a 3-day international conference held at Tate Modern, London. The conference archive can be accessed online via the Tate Modern website. In 2007, he was the co-initiator and co-organiser of Beyond Text? Synaesthetic and Sensory Practices in Anthropology, a 3-day conference at the University of Manchester. The conference explored the implications of the 'sensory turn' for practice led anthropology and considered the possibilities of combining different elements of image, sound, voice and object. In doing so it considered artistic methods of doing and representing ethnography, including film, photography, sound recordings, art installations, sculptural and other plastic media, dramatic performance and museum display. Some of the material from the conference will be published in a forthcoming book Beyond Text?
As well as continuing to explore the links between anthropology and contemporary art, he is in the initial stages of planning a research project on the current use of digital media by First Nation artists and communities in British Columbia. Canada.
He continues to experiment with the practical possibilities of using digital video, sound and photography within anthropology.
Wright, Chris. 2013. "The Echo of Things": The Lives of Photographs in the Solomon Islands. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-5510-6
Cox, Rupert; Irving, Andrew and Wright, Chris, eds. 2016. Beyond text?: Critical practices and sensory anthropology. Manchester: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-8505-5
Wright, Chris; Cox, Rupert and Irving, Andrew, eds. 2016. Beyond Text?Critical practices and sensory anthropology. U.K.: Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-0-7190-8505-5
Wright, Chris and Schneider, Arnd, eds. 2010. Between Art and Anthropology: Contemporary Ethnographic Practice. London: Berg. ISBN 9781847885012
Charity, Ruth and Wright, Chris, eds. 1995. The Impossible Science of Being: dialogues between anthropology and photography. London: Photographers' Gallery. ISBN 978-0907879473
Cox, Rupert; Irving, Andrew and Wright, Chris. 2016. Introduction: the sense of the senses. In: Rupert Cox; Andrew Irving and Chris Wright, eds. Beyond text?: Critical practices and sensory anthropology. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 1-19. ISBN 9780719085055
Drever, John L.. 2016. Ochlophonic Study: Hong Kong. In: R. Cox; A. Irving and Chris Wright, eds. Beyond Text?: Critical Practices and Sensory Anthropology. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 110-111. ISBN 978-07190-8505-5
Wright, Chris and Cox, Rupert. 2012. Blurred Visions: Reflecting Visual Anthropology. In: Richard Fardon; Olivia Harris; Trevor HJ Marchand; Mark Nuttall; Cris Shore; Veronica Strang and Richard A Wilson, eds. The SAGE Handbook of Social Anthropology. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781446201077
Wright, Chris. 2009. Faletau's photocopy, or the mutability of visual history in Roviana. In: Christopher Morton and Elizabeth Edwards, eds. Photography, Anthropology and History: Expanding the Frame. Farnham, Surrey ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate: Ashgate, pp. 223-240. ISBN 978-0-7546-7909-7
Wright, Chris. 2018. Uncertain Realities : Art, Anthropology, and Activism. Field: A Journal of Socially-Engaged Art Criticism(11), ISSN 0015-0649
Wright, Chris. 2008. “A Devil's Engine”: Photography and Spirits in the Western Solomon Islands. Visual Anthropology, 21(4), pp. 364-380. ISSN 0894-9468
Wright, Chris. 2004. Material and Memory: photography in the western Solomon Islands. Journal of Material Culture, 9(1), pp. 73-85. ISSN 13591835
Wright, Chris. 1998. ‘The Third Subject: perspectives on visual anthropology’. Anthropology Today, 14(4), pp. 16-22. ISSN 0268540X
Wright, Chris. 1997. ‘”An Unsuitable Man”: the photographs of Francis R. Barton’. Pacific Arts, 15/16, pp. 42-60.
Wright, Chris and Lewis, David. 1996. Tricky Positions: A Conversation Between Dave Lewis and Chris Wright. Anthropology Today, 12(2), pp. 12-16. ISSN 0268-540X