Drever is Professor of Acoustic Ecology and Sound Art at Goldsmiths, University of London, where he leads the Unit for Sound Practice Research (SPR). He studied Music at the University of Wales, Bangor (1992-95), followed by an MMus study in Electroacoustic Music Composition at the University of East Anglia (1995-6). In 2001 he was awarded a PhD from Dartington College of Arts, for a programme of research titled 'Phonographies: Practical and Theoretical Explorations into Composing with Disembodied Sound'. Following his PhD, Drever co-ordinated ‘Sounding Dartmoor - a public soundscape study’, in collaboration with The Touring Exhibition of Sound Environments (TESE), Aune Head Arts, and the Digital Crowd, University of Plymouth. During 2003-04 he was an Arts Council of England & AHRB Arts and Science Research Fellow with Centre for Computational Creativity, City University exploring ‘electronic music performance interfaces that learn from their users’. He was awarded a Diploma in Acoustics and Noise Control from the Institute of Acoustics in 2012, with specialist modules in Building Acoustics and Environmental Noise, becoming a full member of the Institute of Acoustics in 2013.
Before taking up his post at Goldsmiths, Drever was an associate lecturer for City University (London), Dartington College of Arts, Exeter University and the University of Plymouth, lecturing in Music, Media Arts, Media Lab Arts and Visual Arts. During the autumn semester of 2007 he was a Visiting Scholar at the Critical Intermedia Laboratory, School of Creative Media, City University of Hong Kong and in the summer of 2016 he was a Guest Professor in The Department of Digital Design and Information Studies, Aarhus University, Denmark.
An elected director of Sonic Arts Network since 2004, Drever became its final chair in 2008. He was a co-founder (1998) and chair of the UK and Ireland Soundscape Community (a regional affiliate of the World Forum for Acoustic Ecology) for whom he chaired Sound Practice: the 1st UKISC Conference on sound, culture and environments in 2001 at Dartington and Sound Practice 2006 at Goldsmiths. With Aki Pasoulas he co-chaired The Symposium on Acoustic Ecology at the University of Kent in 2013 and in 2011 he co-chaired the Phonography Colloquium at Goldsmiths with Emmanuel Spinelli for SPR. In May 2014 he co-directed, Sound Art Curating Conference: Histories, Theories and Practices of Sound Art, at Goldsmiths, and The Courtauld Institute of Art in collaboration with Operational and Curatorial Research in Contemporary Art, Design, Science and Technology (OCR). He has also been actively involved in the Noise Futures Network (EPSRC) and COST Action TD0804 Soundscapes of European Cities and Landscapes.
Drever is a member of the AHRC Peer Review College (2009-16) and is a Visiting Research Fellow at Seian University of Art and Design, Japan. In 2013 he became an Academician of The Academy of Urbanism.
- BMus (Hons), University of Wales, Bangor (1995)
- MMus, University of East Anglia (1996)
- PhD, Dartington College of Arts (2001)
- Diploma in Acoustics and Noise Control (2012)
- At Undergraduate John leads Sonic Art Practice and Phonography.
- At Postgraduate level John is the Pathway Leader for the MMus in Sonic Arts and coordinates Sound Agendas and Studio Practice course options.
Areas of supervision
Antonis Antoniou: Aural Aura and Haunting Echoes: Places with complex biographies (Completed, PhD, 2016, Goldsmiths)
Tine Blom: Nature, wilderness and ecological awareness: Exploration, experience and the creation of audiovisual artworks of a mountain (Co-supervisor Prof Janis Jeffries, completed 2019, Goldsmiths)
James Bulley: Sounding Materiality: Explorations in Resonant Practice (Co-supervisor Prof Janis Jeffries, 2018, Goldsmiths)
Tsai-Wei Chen (ORSAS): Sonic Constellations – sojourners' interconnected soundscapes – a case study of ten Taipei sojourners' listening experiences in London (Completed, PhD, 2010, Goldsmiths)
Christopher DeLaurenti: Activist Sound: Field Recording, Phonography, and Soundscapes of Protest (Co-supervisor Dr Iris Garrelfs Completed, PhD, 2020, Goldsmith)
Lucia, Hsiang-Ying-Chung: A Sound Encounter of En Creux: in-between Roni Horn, Robert Smithson and Alvin Lucier (Completed, PhD, 2014, Goldsmiths)
Gregorio Fontaine: Vacilar: The Entanglement of Self-expression and its Outside (Completed, PhD, 2019, Goldsmiths)
Su-Ann Goh: Sonic Knowledge Production in Archaeoacoustics: Echoes of elsewhere? (Lead Supervisor Prof Julian Henriques, Department of Media, Communications and Cultural Studies, Goldsmiths, 2020)
Ruth Hawkins: Interpenetrations of Recordings and the Real (completed, PhD, 2013, Goldsmiths)
Marcus Leadley: In Situ Listening: Soundscape, Site and Transphonia (Completed, PhD, 2015, Goldsmiths)
Claudia Martinho: Aural Architecture Practice: Creative Approaches Towards an Ecology of Affect (Co-supervisor Dr Iris Garrelfs, completed, PhD, 2019)
Sam Murray: Facilitating Heterarchic Collaboration: Practice-led Research and the Promotion of Egalitarian Compositional Creativity (Competed, PhD, 2020, Goldsmiths)
Mari Ohno: Composing with Matter: Interdisciplinary Explorations Between the Natural and the Artificial (Co-supervisor Dr Patricia Alessandrini, Completed, PhD, 2020, Goldsmiths)
Tommaso Perego: Towards a Sonic Choreosophia: An investigation on the Movement of Sound Sources for creating musical works (Completed, PhD, 2016, Goldsmiths)
Kathrine Sandys: I Thought I Grew an Ear in My Stomach - The Phenomenological Experience of the Art Event as a Sublime Encounter (Co-supervisor Prof Janis Jeffries, Completed, PhD 2013, Goldsmiths)
Dawn Scarfe (AHRC): In the surround – sound and phenomenal experience (Co-supervisor Prof Janis Jeffries, Completed, PhD, 2011, Goldsmiths)
Emmanuel Spinelli: Acoustic Phenotypology – The territory of the disembodied voice in electro-acoustic music and the perception of Acousmatic Identities (Completed, PhD, 2016, Goldsmiths)
Carter Weleminsky: Sonic Diaspora: Exploring Migration Through Interdisciplinary Soundscape Composition (Completed, PhD, 2020, Goldsmiths)
John Wynne: Hearing Voices – Sound art practice in a cross-cultural context (Completed, PhD, 2007, Goldsmiths)
Shelley Calhoun-scullion: Immigrant Noise, and the Infrapolitical Space of Michigan (Co-supervisor Dr Holly Rogers)
Mattia Cobianchi (CHASE, CDA with Noise Abatement Society) Liveable listenable Cities (Co-supervisors: Lisa Lavia & Prof Jonny Freeman)
Chris Cook: (CHASE) Soundscape co-composition and the interpretive listening of people with dementia.
Deborah Kent (CHASE): Re-sounding Silvertown: sonic reverberations of radical urban change in London Docklands (Co-supervisor Dr Louis Moreno)
I-Chin Li: Composing with Improvisation - Music Theatre with Electronics, Body Movements and Moving Images
Sophia Loizou: (CHASE) Irregular territories: sonic fiction as a mode of ecologicalsound arts practice (Co-supervisor Dr Ayesha Hameed)
Aysegul Yildirim: Criminology of Noise Pollution: An Ethnographic Approach (Co-supervisor Prof Daniel Neyland)
Operating at the intersection of sonic arts, sound design, soundscape studies, experimental music and acoustics, Drever’s research represents an ongoing inquiry into the affect, perception, design and practice of everyday environmental sound and human utterance. Projects are often derived from extensive fieldwork, such as the exploration of the crowding and the crowded soundscape of Hong Kong in 'Ochlophonics Hong Kong' (2001-2010) and 'Sounding Dartmoor', a participative soundscape study of Dartmoor National Park (2000-2) for the Digital Crowd (University of Plymouth) in collaboration with Aune Head Arts. His current project is concerned with the noise effects of ultra-fast hand dryers on users with sensitive hearing and special auditory needs, such as children and hyperacusis sufferers.
In addition to Drever’s independent practice, collaboration and cross-art form dialogue have been crucial. Collaborators have included performance artist Rachel Gomme, poets Alice Oswald and Alaric Sumner, choreographer Tony Thatcher, ornithologist Tony Whitehead, visual artist Louise K. Wilson, painter Suiji Okada and comedian Mark Kelly. He regularly collaborates and performs with pioneering sound poet Lawrence Upton. Drever is a member of art collective Blind Ditch and the Morpheme Theatre Company. Commissions range from the Groupe de Recherches Musicales, Paris (1999), Arts Council England (2002, 2007, 2013), WDR Studio Akustische Kunst (2011) to the RSPB (2002). His work has twice been awarded a prize in the annual Musica Nova competition, Prague (1997 & 1998).
Publications and research outputs
Drever, John L. and Thatcher, Tony. 2010. -scape [Goodwins] - making horizontal (The Pavilion Gallery). In: "Royal Geographical Society, Institute ofBritish Geographers,Annual InternationalConference", Pavilion Gallery, Royal Geographical Society, United Kingdom.
Aceti, Lanfranco; Jefferies, Janis K.; Sondergaard, Morten; Stallabrass, Julian; Bulley, James; Drever, John L.; Munro, Jonathan; Noy, Irene and Sahin, Ozden. 15 - 17 May 2014 Histories, Theories and Practices of Sound Art.
Drever, John L.. 2001. Proceedings of 'Sound Practice: the 1st UKISC conference on sound, culture and environments'. UK and Ireland Soundscape Community.
Drever, John L. and Oswald, Alice. 2021. Listening In on a Dawn Springtime Walk by the River Dart with John Levack Drever and Alice Oswald. Interim, 38(3), ISSN 2475-8191
Drever, John L.; Cobianchi, Mattia and Yildirim, Aysegul. 2021. London Street Noises: A Ground-Breaking Field Recording Campaign from 1928. Acoustics, 3(1), pp. 118-136. ISSN 2624-599X
Cobianchi, Mattia; Drever, John L. and Lavia, Lisa. 2021. Adaptive soundscape design for liveable urban spaces: a hybrid methodology across environmental acoustics and sonic art. Cities & Health, 5(1-2), pp. 127-132. ISSN 2374-8834
Drever, John L.. 2019. ‘Primacy of the Ear’ – But Whose Ear?: the case for auraldiversity in sonic arts practice and discourse. Organised Sound, 24(1), pp. 85-95. ISSN 1355-7718
Drever, John L.. 2013. Impact on vulnerable sub-groups from ultra-rapid hand dryers. Acoustics Bulletin, 38(6), ISSN 0308-437X
Drever, John L.. 2008. Review: Barry Blesser and Linda-Ruth Salter, Spaces Speak, Are You Listening?: Experiencing Aural Architecture. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28(3), pp. 301-303. ISSN 0272-4944
Drever, John L.. 2005. Bump in the Night: Some Reflections on Night Listening. Earshot(5), pp. 22-25.
Drever, John L.. 2004. Review: Steven Johnson (ed.), The New York School of Music and Visual Arts. The Art Book, 11(4), pp. 45-46.
Drever, John L.. 2002. Soundscape composition: the convergence of ethnography and acousmatic music. Organised Sound, 7(1), pp. 21-27. ISSN 1355-7718
Drever, John L.. 2002. Sounding Dartmoor: A case study on the soundscapes of rural England at the opening of the 21st Century. World Forum for Acoustic Ecology,
Drever, John L.. 1999. The exploitation of 'tangible ghosts': conjectures on soundscape recording and its reappropriation in sound art. Organised Sound, 4(1), pp. 25-29.
Henriques, Julian F.; Jauniaux, Eric; Thibaut de Maisiers, Aude and Gélat, Pierre. 2022. Sound Before Birth: Fetal hearing and the auditory environment of the womb. In: John L. Drever and Andrew Hugill, eds. Aural Diversity. Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 9781032024998
Drever, John L.. 2020. Listening as Methodological Tool: Sounding Soundwalking Methods. In: Michael Bull and Marcel Cobussen, eds. The Bloomsbury Handbook of Sonic Methodologies. London: Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 599-613. ISBN 9781501338779
Drever, John L.. 2019. Soundscape Composition: Listening to Context and Contingency. In: Michael Filimowicz, ed. Foundations in Sound Design for Linear Media: A Multidisciplinary Approach. New York: Routledge, pp. 358-379. ISBN 9781138093966
Drever, John L.. 2017. Field Recording Centered Composition Practices: negotiating the “out-there” with the “in-here". In: M. Cobussen; V. Meelberg and B. Truax, eds. The Routledge Companion to Sounding Art. New York: Routledge, pp. 71-80. ISBN 978-1-138-78061-3
Drever, John L.. 2016. Ochlophonic Study: Hong Kong. In: R. Cox; A. Irving and Chris Wright, eds. Beyond Text?: Critical Practices and Sensory Anthropology. Manchester: Manchester University Press, pp. 110-111. ISBN 978-07190-8505-5
Drever, John L.. 2014. SHIZENGAKU [BIWA/BIWAKO]: SONIC COMPLEMENT, COUNTERPOINT OR INTERPENETRATION? In: Kazuto Yamamoto and Naomi Matsumoto, eds. SHIZENGAKU: the Search for a Coming Aestethetic. Kyoto: Nakanishiya, pp. 52-61. ISBN 978-4-7795-0791-5
Drever, John L.. 2009. Sound effect – object – event. Endemic and exogenous electro-acoustic sound practices in theatre. In: Ross Brown, ed. Sound: a reader in theatre practice. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., pp. 188-205. ISBN 9780230551886
Drever, John L.. 2007. Nostophonics: approaches to grasping everyday sounds from a British perspective. In: Ros Bandt; Michelle Duffy and Dolly MacKinnon, eds. Hearing Places. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Press, pp. 161-173. ISBN 9781847182555
Drever, John L.. 2007. Topophonophilia: a study on the relationship between the sounds of Dartmoor and the people who live there. In: Angus Carlyle, ed. Autumn Leaves: Sound and the Environment in Artistic Practice. London: Double Entendre & CRISAP, pp. 98-100. ISBN 09548074-3
Conference or Workshop Item
Drever, John L.; Cobianchi, Mattia and Lavia, Lisa. 2021. 'Integrating soundscape in healthy urban design and planning: perspectives for sustainable futures'. In: Healthy City Design International 2021 (HCD2021). London, United Kingdom 11–14 October 2021.
Drever, John L.. 2021. 'Acoustic Environments of Place, Heritage and Wellbeing'. In: International Webinar: Sound, Healing, & Nature in Experiential Travel. Universiti Putra Malaysia & Sarawak Research Society, Malaysia 1 October 2021.
Drever, John L.. 2021. 'Overlooked histories of acoustic ecology and field/ soundscape recording'. In: Sonic Legacies: Ludwig Koch and the Sound of the Environment. MeCCSA Sound Studies Network, United Kingdom 16 September 2021.
Drever, John L.; Cobianchi, Mattia and Yildirim, Aysegul. 2021. 'London Street Noises – A historical armchair soundwalk in Beauchamp Place'. In: BEAST FEaST 2021. University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2020. 'Primacy of the Ear – But Whose Ear?: The Case for Auraldiversity in Sound and Music Practice and Discourse'. In: Royal Musical Association 56th Annual Conference. Goldsmiths, University of London, United Kingdom 8 – 10 September 2020.
Drever, John. 2020. 'Sanitary Soundscapes: The Noise Effects From Ultra-Rapid “Ecological” Hand Dryers on Vulnerable Subgroups'. In: HAVENS First Virtual Symposium – Group of researchers interested in the soundscapes of healthcare. TU Delft, Netherlands 15th July 2020.
Drever, John L.. 2020. 'Sanitary Soundscapes: The Noise Effects From Ultra-Rapid “Ecological” Hand Dryers on Vulnerable Subgroups'. In: HAVENS: First meeting (Group of researchers interested in the soundscapes of healthcare). Online, United Kingdom 15 July 2020.
Drever, John L.. 2020. 'Sound Summit 3: Are you listening? Acoustic environments and the politics of sound, noise and silence'. In: Sound Summit 3. Institute for Advanced Studies, Loughborough University, United Kingdom 16 June 2020.
Drever, John L.. 2019. 'Phonating Hand Dryers: exploits in aural diverse composition and co-composition'. In: The first Aural Diversity Conference. University of Leicester, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2018. 'Sound Affects: Exploring the connections between sound and wellbeing - RNTNEH'. In: Sound Affects: Exploring the connections between sound and wellbeing. Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2018. 'The Role of Improvisation in Auraldiverse Soundwalking'. In: Space, Sound and the Improvisatory: Methods, Technologies and Theories for Improvising with Natural and Built Environments. Onassis Stegi, Athens, Greece.
Drever, John L. and Cobianchi, Mattia. 2018. 'Liveable Listenable Cities: Human-Centred Planning and Appraisal of Applied Soundscape Design for an Auraldiverse Population — An Introduction'. In: Crafting a Sonic Urbanism. MSH Paris Nord, France.
Drever, John L.. 2017. 'The Case For Auraldiversity In Acoustic Regulations And Practice: The Hand Dryer Noise Story'. In: 24th International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV24). Westminster, London, United Kingdom 23-27 July 2017.
Drever, John L.. 2015. 'Sanitary Soundscapes: The Noise Effects From Ultra-Rapid “Ecological” Hand Dryers On Vulnerable Subgroups In Publicly Accessible Toilets'. In: 2nd International Conference on Hyperacusis (ICH2). Birkbeck College, University of London.
Drever, John L.. 2015. 'Topophonophobia – the space and place of acute hearing'. In: Hearing Landscape Critically: Music, Place, and the Spaces of Sound. Harvard University, United States.
Drever, John L.. 2014. 'Ochlophonia Hong Kong SAR: audition, speech and feedback from within the crowded soundscape.'. In: Sound, Noise and the Everyday: Soundscapes in China. Aarhus University, Denmark.
Drever, John L.. 2014. 'Sound Art Curator as de facto Acoustician'. In: Sound Art Curating Conference: Histories, Theories and Practices of Sound Art. Goldsmiths, University of London, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2014. 'Sensitive Hearers and Particular Hearing Requirements Within the Urban Soundscape'. In: Urban Soundscapes and Critical Citizenship: an interdisciplinary conference. University of Limerick.
Drever, John L.. 2013. 'Sanitary Soundscapes: the noise effects from ultra-rapid energy-efficient hand dryers on vulnerable subgroups – a listening approach'. In: Symposium on Acoustic Ecology. The School of Music and Fine Art, University of Kent, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2013. 'Sanitary Soundscapes: the noise effects of high-speed hand dryers'. In: Sound Diaries Symposium 2013. SARU, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2013. 'Sanitary Soundscapes: the noise effects from ultra-rapid “ecological” hand dryers on vulnerable subgroups in publicly accessible toilets'. In: AIA-DAGA 2013, the joint Conference on Acoustics, European Acoustics Association Euroregio, 39th annual congress of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Akustik and the 40th annual congress of the Associazione Italiana di Acustica. Marano, Italy.
Drever, John L.. 2013. 'Silent Soundwalking: an urban pedestrian soundscape methodology'. In: AIA-DAGA 2013, the joint Conference on Acoustics, European Acoustics Association Euroregio, 39th annual congress of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Akustik and the 40th annual congress of the Associazione Italiana di Acustica. Merano, Italy.
Drever, John L.. 2011. 'Session 9 reflections: Listening to and sounding soundscapes'. In: Centre for Media, Culture and Creative Practice. Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2011. 'Soundwalking in the City: a socio-spatio-temporal sound practice'. In: 5th International Symposium on Temporal Design. Sheffield, United Kingdom 21-22 July 2011.
Drever, John L.. 2011. 'Ochlophonia Hong Kong SAR: audition, speech and feedback from within the crowded soundscape'. In: Phonography Colloquium. Goldsmiths, University of London, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2011. 'Sanitary Ambiance: a study of current auditory ambiances of public toilets in England'. In: Urban Design and Urban Society - The Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 3rd International Ambiance Network Conference 2011. The Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany.
Drever, John L. and Thatcher, Tony. 2010. '-scape [Goodwins] - making horizontal'. In: Royal Geographical Society, Institute of British Geographers,Annual InternationalConference. Pavilion Gallery, Royal Geographical Society, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2010. 'What would you like your city to sound like?: ideological and ethical musings on urban soundscape design in 2010'. In: Ideologies and Ethics in the Uses and Abuses of Sound. University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
Drever, John L.. 2009. 'Soundwalking as compositional practice?'. In: ‘Sensewalking: sensory walking methods for social scientists’ - Royal Geographical Society with the IBG Annual Conference. University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2009. 'The vagaries of sound fx: supposed sounding and listening through the history of recorded sound'. In: Theatre Noise. Central School of Speech and Drama, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2008. 'Ochlophonics Hong Kong: everyday sound practices within the crowd'. In: Music, Sound, and the Music, Sound, and the Re-configuration of Public and Private Space. University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2007. 'Soundscape sensibilities as expressed and betrayed in composition'. In: Beyond Text?: Synaesthetic and Sensory Practices in Anthropology - 10th Royal Anthropological Institute International Festival Of Ethnographic Film. University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2007. 'Soundscapes and acoustic ecology - origins and prospects'. In: Sounder Spaces. Julian Huxley Lecture Theatre, London Zoo, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2007. 'Soundwalking: methods of listening in situ to the city'. In: SeneScapes. University of Salford, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2007. 'Topophonophilia: the rapport between place, space, sentiment and sound’'. In: School of Creative Media. City University of Hong Kong, China.
Drever, John L.. 2006. 'Architect-Sonics: Heritage of Sound, Music and Architecture'. In: 4x4 Making Places Leeds: Building Sounds (Architecture and Music). Leeds College of Music, Architecture Week, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2006. 'Field Work: From Arm-chair to Open-air Research in Sonic Arts'. In: Doctoral Research Conference, Digital Music Research Network. United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2005. 'Topophonics & Nostophonics: the role of sound in the golden era of British documentary film'. In: Expo 966. University of Hull, Scarborough Campus, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2005. 'Topophonophilia: a study on the relationship between the sounds of Dartmoor and the people who live there'. In: The International Annual Conference of the Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers). London, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.; Melo, Andres and Wiggins, Geraint. 2005. 'Electroacoustic performance interfaces that learn from their users'. In: International Computer Music Conference. Barcelona, Spain.
Drever, John L.. 2005. 'Topophonique, Ochlophonique, Nostophonique et Pataphonique: trois études de cas'. In: Technologie imaginaire; approche pataphysique de la musique. Sorbonne, France.
Drever, John L.. 2004. 'Audio-Vision: Cause and Effect?'. In: The State of Affairs II: Listening to Vision - Looking at Sound. Sonic Arts Department, Middlesex University, Conway Hall, London, United Kingdom.
Drever, John L.. 2004. 'Topophonophilia: the relationship between sound, sentiment and place'. In: Zeppelin2004: Ecologia Acústica. Etica y Estética en la idea de Paisaje Sonoro. Festival of sound art, Caos->Sonoscop, CaixaFòrum, Barcelona, Spain.
Drever, John L.. 2001. 'The Sublime in Acousmatic Music: Listening to the Unpresentable'. In: Music Without Walls? Music Without Instruments?. De Montfort, United Kingdom 21-23 June.
Povall, R; Drever, John L.; Hartley, J; Wallen, J and Zakis, R, eds. 2015. Special issue: ‘Arts And Ecology: Emerging Uses For Digital Technologies’, Digital Creativity, 26(1). 1462-6268
Drever, John L.. 2001. Phonographies: Practical and Theoretical Explorations into Composing with Disembodied Sound. Doctoral thesis, University of Plymouth