Dr Christine A. Hemingway

Staff details

Dr Christine A. Hemingway


Lecturer in Organisational Behaviour


Institute of Management Studies


C.hemingway (@gold.ac.uk)

Corporate social entrepreneurship, Micro-CSR, business ethics.

Dr. Christine A. Hemingway’s work is geared towards the creation of social, environmental and economic value. She is one of the founding scholars of the micro foundations of corporate social responsibility (micro-CSR). This is a sociological and psychological perspective that investigates responsible/irresponsible organisational contexts, and the development of formal and informal leaders, or activists, known as 'corporate social entrepreneurs'. Her pioneering work has inspired a practitioner movement and is widely cited in major scholarly journals.

Christine’s academic career has included a research fellowship at Imperial College London, lectureships (Assistant Professor) at the Universities of Loughborough, Aston and Hull, lecturing also in Hong Kong and Singapore. Christine has been an invited Visiting Scholar at Darden UVA, EPFL Switzerland, the Universities of Sheffield, Nottingham and a doctoral external examiner at Cranfield University, UK.

Academic qualifications

  • PhD in Business and Management (University of Nottingham) 2009

Research interests

Christine is keenly interested in the development of responsible leaders, managers and organisational contexts, via insider activism. She conceptualised the notion of ‘corporate social entrepreneurship’ (CSE) in published papers (Hemingway, 2002; Hemingway, 2003), inspired by her management experience. Theoretical underpinnings for her 'Active' and 'Concealed' CSEs were intrapreneurship (Pinchot, 1985), social entrepreneurship (Dees, 1998), managerial discretion (Berle and Means, 1932; Carroll, 1991; Swanson, 1995; Wood, 1991), and CSR (Carroll, 1979).

Hemingway and Maclagan (Journal of Business Ethics, 50, 1, 2004: 39) proposed three forms of discretion: formal, unintended, and entrepreneurial discretion. This led to the first scholarly article that contextualised CSE within other fields of entrepreneurship, published in the JBE (Hemingway, 2005). It was followed by the findings of Christine's empirical ethnographic research that were published in a number of online blogs, presented at numerous academic conferences internationally, and subsequently published as a research monograph by the Cambridge University Press, called: ‘Corporate Social Entrepreneurship: Integrity Within' (Hemingway, 2013). This newly emergent field continues to inspire scholars and a practitioner movement alike, including management consultants, some of whom began to use the synonymn of 'social intrapreneurship', from 2008.

Christine investigates organisational constraints on, and enablements of, the socially responsible agenda at work. She studies how people at all levels behave as individuals and collectively at work, paying particular attention to the personal values and motivations that can drive, disrupt or block this agenda from within the organisation. She is also interested in the biographical narrative approach to understanding employee behaviour and ‘social responsibility as a subjective state’ (Hemingway, 2013, p. xix; Maclagan, 1998, p. 78). PhD applications are welcomed.

Grants and awards

Awarded over £20,000 in funding, from sources including the RSA. Christine was the first business school student to be awarded the University of Nottingham’s Graduate School Academic Travel Prize.

2013: Citation Classic award by the Journal of Business Ethics (Springer)
Hemingway and Maclagan (2004) was awarded the (equal) 44th top cited article from 4,747 in the Journal of Business Ethics' 30 years of publication.

Publications and research outputs


Hemingway, Christine A.. 2013. Corporate Social Entrepreneurship: Integrity Within. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107007208

Book Section

Hemingway, Christine A.. 2019. A Big Picture Approach to (C)SR: Where are We Now? In: Michael Schwartz; Howard Harris and Debra R. Comer, eds. The Next Phase of Business Ethics: Celebrating 20 Years of REIO. Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 15-32. ISBN 9781838670054

Hemingway, Christine A. and Maclagan, Patrick W.. 2013. Reflections on Careers, JBE and Business Ethics. In: Alex C. Michalos and Deborah C. Poff, eds. Citation Classics from the Journal of Business Ethics: Celebrating the First Thirty Years of Publication. Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 734-735. ISBN 9789400741256


Hemingway, Christine A. and Starkey, Ken. 2018. A Falling of the Veils: Turning Points and Momentous Turning Points in Leadership and the Creation of CSR. Journal of Business Ethics, 151(4), pp. 875-890. ISSN 0167-4544

Hemingway, Christine A.. 2005. Personal Values as A Catalyst for Corporate Social Entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Ethics, 60(3), pp. 233-249. ISSN 0167-4544

Hemingway, Christine A. and Maclagan, Patrick W.. 2004. Managers' Personal Values as Drivers of Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 50(1), pp. 33-44. ISSN 0167-4544

Research projects

Corporate social entrepreneurship
See Chapter 12 of my book for some original research ideas

Media engagements

2021: Sustainability and responsible business
The Breakfast Show, Voice of Islam Radio

Connections to industry

Despite her deep intellectual curiousity and academic achievements, Christine was required to leave the family home at an early age, in order to earn her own living. After a few years working for a major bank, and then within the public sector, Christine's ambition led her to part-time further education in the evenings, after work. Following this, she became the first in her family to embark on full-time higher education at university, where she was accepted as a mature student.

Post university, Christine's high quality management career was based within the headquarters of blue-chip MNCs, where she was regularly promoted, working her way up the corporate hierarchy, with line management and significant budget responsibility for some globally recognised consumer brands. This experience spanned a number of industries and preceded her appointment as a Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) at the beginning of her new academic career, prior to embarking on a part-time doctoral programme of study at the Nottingham University Business School, kindly sponsored by the Universities of Hull and Nottingham. Christine's extensive organisational experience informs her research and teaching. It led to her ethnographic investigation of corporate social entrepreneurship within an anonymised $5bn FTSE 100 and Forbes Global 2000 company, that was subsequently published as a research monograph, by the Cambridge University Press. See 'Leveraging Integrity Within the Organisation: Some Brief, Practical Steps', Chapter 13.

2011 – 2016: Elected Fellow (by invitation) of the Royal Society for the Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA).