Dr Ariel Wirkierman

Ariel is focussed on the historical roots, theory advancement and the applied analysis of structural interdependence.

Staff details

Dr Ariel Wirkierman


Senior Lecturer in Economics


Institute of Management Studies


a.wirkierman (@gold.ac.uk)

Dr. Ariel Luis Wirkierman holds a Licentiate in Economics (University of Buenos Aires, Argentina), MSc. in Economics (National University of La Plata, Argentina) and PhD in Economics (Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy). 

Before joining the IMS he was a Research Fellow in Economics, Innovation and Growth at the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU, University of Sussex) working on the European Commission Horizon 2020 ISIGrowth project. Within this project, he formulated and applied simulation models to analyse the role of the public sector in processes of technological competition. Previously, as a post-doc researcher at the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Mathematical Finance and Econometrics (Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy), he designed and implemented algorithms and metrics to study Input-Output networks. Throughout his PhD he worked under the guidance of Professor Luigi L. Pasinetti, developing a framework to analyse technical progress rooted in Classical political economy and the Cambridge Keynesian tradition. Before his doctoral studies he was as an economic officer at the Ministry of Economy and Production of Argentina, focusing on Regional Input-Output Analysis. 

His research focuses on the historical roots, theory advancement and applied analysis of structural interdependence within processes of economic and social change. Dimensions of this research include: 

(i) the ways in which structural proportions (between industries, institutional sectors and countries) influence (through direct linkages or feedback loops), disturb (generating fluctuations) and/or constrain (through macroeconomic conditions) these processes; 

(ii) the technological impulses and social implications related to changes in the sectoral structure of economies; 

(iii) the debates in the history of economic thought (ranging from the circular/linear description of production techniques to the multisectoral foundations of the principle of effective demand to economic cybernetics) in which circularity and interdependence play a key role; 

(iv) the design and implementation of empirical schemes to study global interdependencies at different levels of aggregation.

Publications and research outputs

Book Section

Pasinetti, Luigi L. and Wirkierman, Ariel Luis. 2023. Cambridge equation. In: Louis-Philippe Rochon and Sergio Rossi, eds. Elgar Encyclopedia of Post-Keynesian Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. ISBN 9781788973922

Wirkierman, Ariel Luis. 2022. Structural Dynamics in the Era of Smart Technologies. In: Heinz D. Kurz; Marlies Schütz; Rita Strohmaier and Stella S. Zilian, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Smart Technologies: An Economic and Social Perspective. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 269-289. ISBN 9780367369231

Wirkierman, Ariel Luis. 2022. Disequilibrium and Instability (Not Equilibrium) as the Normal State of the Industrial Economies: A Methodological Standpoint on Structural Economic Dynamics. In: Enrico Bellino and Sebastiano Nerozzi, eds. Pasinetti and the Classical Keynesians: Nine Methodological Issues. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 187-213. ISBN 9781108923309


Wirkierman, Ariel Luis. 2023. Distributive Profiles Associated with Domestic versus International Specialization in Global Value Chains. International Journal of Political Economy, 52(2), pp. 117-152. ISSN 0891-1916

Garbellini, Nadia and Wirkierman, Ariel Luis. 2023. The Solow–Pasinetti debate on productivity measurement: Review and reformulation. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 65, pp. 438-447. ISSN 0954-349X

Wirkierman, Ariel Luis; Ciarli, Tommaso and Savona, Maria. 2023. A Taxonomy of European Innovation Clubs. Economia Politica. Journal of Analytical and Institutional Economics, 40(1), pp. 1-34. ISSN 1120-2890


Wirkierman, Ariel Luis; Ciarli, Tommaso and Savona, Maria. 2021. A map of the fractal structure of high-tech dynamics across EU regions. Working Paper. UNU-MERIT Working Papers, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Wirkierman, Ariel Luis; Ciarli, Tommaso and Savona, Maria. 2021. A taxonomy of European innovation clubs. Working Paper. UNU-MERIT Working Papers, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Wirkierman, Ariel Luis; Ciarli, Tommaso and Mazzucato, Mariana. 2018. Innovation eco-systems and the Risk-Reward Nexus: an evolutionary account. Working Paper. ISIGrowth Working Papers, 31/2018 June.

Research Interests

Input-Output Analysis and National Accounts (JEL C67, D57, E01, E16, R15) 

Structural Economic Dynamics and Classical Political Economy (JEL B51, E11, E12, O41) 

Productivity and Technical Change (JEL D24, O14) 

Global models of trade specialisation and income determination (JEL F1, F4, F6) 

History of Economic Thought and Economic Methodology (JEL B12, B14, B24, B41)