Professor Adam Rutland

Staff details

Position Professor of Psychology
Department Psychology
Email a.rutland (@gold.ac.uk)
Phone +44 (0)20 7078 5442
Professor Adam Rutland

Summary

Adam is a Professor of Developmental and Social Psychology at Goldsmiths, and the head of the Developmental Research Group. His career has spanned a number of institutions in the UK, and his hundreds of scientific publications have been cited over 5,000 times. For details about the Developmental Intergroup Processes (DIP) Lab.

Grants and Awards

Adam has received external grant funding from a variety of organisations to support his work including: the Economic and Social Research Council, the National Institutes of Heath, the British Academy, and the Nuffield Foundation. 

 

Research Interests

Research Interests

  • Social-cognitive development
  • Prejudice
  • Intergroup relationships
  • Social reasoning and morality
  • Peer exclusion
  • Rejection
  • Group dynamics and victimization
  • Cross-group friendships
  • Intergroup attitudes
  • Psychological well being
  • Interventions to reduce prejudice

 

 

Publications

Book

Children and Social exclusion: Morality, Prejudice and Group Identity
Rutland, Adam and Killen, Melanie. 2011. Children and Social exclusion: Morality, Prejudice and Group Identity. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.. ISBN 978-1405176514

Book Section

How do children learn to actively control their explicit biases: The role of recursive reasoning about mental states and group norms?
Rutland, Adam. 2013. How do children learn to actively control their explicit biases: The role of recursive reasoning about mental states and group norms? In: Mahzarin R Banajii and Susan A Gelman, eds. Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and other Species Can Teach Us. USA: OUP USA, pp. 336-340. ISBN 978-0199890712

The development and self-regulation of intergroup attitudes in children
Rutland, Adam. 2013. The development and self-regulation of intergroup attitudes in children. In: Mark Bennett and Fabio Sani, eds. The development of the social self. East Sussex: Psychology Press, pp. 247-265. ISBN 978-0415649056

Children’s understanding of deviance and group dynamics: The development of subjective group dynamics.
Rutland, Adam and Abrams, Dominic. 2011. Children’s understanding of deviance and group dynamics: The development of subjective group dynamics. In: Jolanda Jetten and Matthew J Hornsey, eds. Rebels In Groups: Dissent, Deviance, Difference and Defiance. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 135-157. ISBN 978-1405196857

Children, stereotypes and prejudice
Rutland, Adam. 2010. Children, stereotypes and prejudice. In: John Levine and Michael Hogg, eds. Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. London: SAGE. ISBN 978-1412942089

Crossing thresholds –Acculturation and social capital in British Asian Children
Rutland, Adam; Watters, Charles; Hossain, Rosa and Brown, Rupert. 2009. Crossing thresholds –Acculturation and social capital in British Asian Children. In: Margaret Wetherell, ed. Theorizing Identities and Social Action (Identity Studies in the Social Sciences). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 198-219. ISBN 978-0230580886

Social exclusion in middle childhood and early adolescence.
Rutland, Adam; Killen, Melanie and Jampol, N. 2009. Social exclusion in middle childhood and early adolescence. In: K H Rubin; W Bukowski and B Laursen, eds. Handbook of Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Groups. New York: Guilford Publications, pp. 249-266. ISBN 978-1593854416

An Integrative Approach to Changing Children’s Intergroup Attitudes
Rutland, Adam and Cameron, Lindsey. 2008. An Integrative Approach to Changing Children’s Intergroup Attitudes. In: Sheri Levy and Melanie Killen, eds. Intergroup Relations: An Integrative Developmental and Social Psychological Perspective. New York: OUP, pp. 191-203. ISBN 978-0195189742

The development of subjective group dynamics
Rutland, Adam and Abrams, Dominic. 2008. The development of subjective group dynamics. In: Sheri Levy and Melanie Killen, eds. Intergroup Relations: An Integrative Developmental and Social Psychological Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 47-65. ISBN 978-0195189742

Article

The development of intergroup resource allocation: The role of cooperative and competitive in-group norms
McGuire, Luke; Rizzo, Mike; Killen, Melanie and Rutland, Adam. 2018. The development of intergroup resource allocation: The role of cooperative and competitive in-group norms. Developmental Psychology, 54(8), pp. 1499-1506. ISSN 0012-1649

The role of competitive and cooperative norms in the development of deviant evaluations
McGuire, Luke; Rizzo, Mike; Killen, Melanie and Rutland, Adam. 2018. The role of competitive and cooperative norms in the development of deviant evaluations. Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920

Attitudes toward immigrants among the youth: Contact interventions to reduce prejudice in the school context
Jones, Sian and Rutland, Adam. 2018. Attitudes toward immigrants among the youth: Contact interventions to reduce prejudice in the school context. European Psychologist, 23(1), pp. 83-92. ISSN 1016-9040

Group norms, intergroup resource allocation and social reasoning among children and adolescents
McGuire, Luke; Manstead, A. S. R. and Rutland, Adam. 2017. Group norms, intergroup resource allocation and social reasoning among children and adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 53(12), pp. 2333-2339. ISSN 0012-1649

Competence matters! Understanding biculturalism in ethnically diverse adolescents
Benbow, Alison E. F. and Rutland, Adam. 2017. Competence matters! Understanding biculturalism in ethnically diverse adolescents. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 27(5), pp. 366-373. ISSN 1052-9284

Increasing ethnic diversity moderates longitudinal effects of individual differences on friendship homophily
Jugert, Philipp; Rutland, Adam; Brown, Rupert; Cameron, Lindsey; Nigbur, Dennis; Watters, Charles; Hossain, Rosa; Landau, Anick and Le Touze, Dominique. 2017. Increasing ethnic diversity moderates longitudinal effects of individual differences on friendship homophily. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 27(5), pp. 411-423. ISSN 1052-9284

Majority and minority ethnic status adolescents' bystander responses to racism in school
Palmer, Sally B.; Cameron, Lindsey; Rutland, Adam and Blake, Belinda. 2017. Majority and minority ethnic status adolescents' bystander responses to racism in school. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 27(5), pp. 374-380. ISSN 1052-9284

Cross-ethnic friendships, psychological well-being, and academic outcomes: Study of South Asian and White children in the UK
Bagci, Sabahat C.; Kumashiro, Madoka; Rutland, Adam; Smith, Peter K. and Blumberg, Herbert H.. 2017. Cross-ethnic friendships, psychological well-being, and academic outcomes: Study of South Asian and White children in the UK. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14, pp. 190-205. ISSN 1740-5629

Fair Resource Allocation Among Children and Adolescents: The Role of Group and Developmental Processes
Rutland, Adam and Killen, Melanie. 2017. Fair Resource Allocation Among Children and Adolescents: The Role of Group and Developmental Processes. Child Development Perspectives, 11(1), pp. 56-62. ISSN 1750-8592

Fair Resource Allocation Among Children and Adolescents: The Role of Group and Developmental Processes
Rutland, Adam and Killen, Melanie. 2016. Fair Resource Allocation Among Children and Adolescents: The Role of Group and Developmental Processes. Child Development Perspectives, ISSN 1750-8592

Equity and Justice in Developmental Science: Discrimination, Social Exclusion, and Intergroup Attitudes
Killen, Melanie; Rutland, Adam and Yip, Tiffany. 2016. Equity and Justice in Developmental Science: Discrimination, Social Exclusion, and Intergroup Attitudes. Child Development, 87(5), pp. 1317-1336. ISSN 0009-3920

Cross-ethnic friendships, psychological well-being, and academic outcomes: Study of South Asian and White children in the UK
Bagci, Sabahat C.; Kumashiro, Madoka; Rutland, Adam; Smith, Peter K. and Blumberg, Herbert H.. 2016. Cross-ethnic friendships, psychological well-being, and academic outcomes: Study of South Asian and White children in the UK. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14(2), pp. 190-205. ISSN 1740-5629

Conceptual Change in Science Is Facilitated Through Peer Collaboration for Boys but Not for Girls
Leman, Patrick J.; Skipper, Yvonne; Watling, Dawn and Rutland, Adam. 2016. Conceptual Change in Science Is Facilitated Through Peer Collaboration for Boys but Not for Girls. Child Development, 87(1), pp. 176-183. ISSN 0009-3920

The development of bystander intentions and social-moral reasoning about intergroup verbal aggression
Palmer, Sally B.; Rutland, Adam and Cameron, Lindsey. 2015. The development of bystander intentions and social-moral reasoning about intergroup verbal aggression. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33(4), pp. 419-433. ISSN 0261510X

When Does the In-Group Like the Out-Group? Bias Among Children as a Function of Group Norms
Rutland, Adam; Hitti, Aline; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Abrams, Dominic and Killen, Melanie. 2015. When Does the In-Group Like the Out-Group? Bias Among Children as a Function of Group Norms. Psychological Science, 26(6), pp. 834-842. ISSN 0956-7976

Peer Group Norms and Accountability Moderate the Effect of School Norms on Children's Intergroup Attitudes
McGuire, Luke; Rutland, Adam and Nesdale, Drew. 2015. Peer Group Norms and Accountability Moderate the Effect of School Norms on Children's Intergroup Attitudes. Child Development, 86(4), pp. 1290-1297. ISSN 0009-3920

A Developmental Science Approach to Reducing Prejudice and Social Exclusion: Intergroup Processes, Social-Cognitive Development, and Moral Reasoning
Rutland, Adam and Killen, Melanie. 2015. A Developmental Science Approach to Reducing Prejudice and Social Exclusion: Intergroup Processes, Social-Cognitive Development, and Moral Reasoning. Social Issues and Policy Review, 9(1), pp. 121-154. ISSN 1751-2395

The role of cognitive abilities in children's inferences about social atypicality and peer exclusion and inclusion in intergroup contexts
Abrams, Dominic; Rutland, Adam; Palmer, Sally B.; Pelletier, Joseph; Ferrell, Jennifer M. and Lee, Samantha. 2014. The role of cognitive abilities in children's inferences about social atypicality and peer exclusion and inclusion in intergroup contexts. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(3), pp. 233-247. ISSN 0261-510X

Children's responses to social atypicality among group members – advantages of a contextualized social developmental account
Abrams, Dominic; Rutland, Adam; Palmer, Sally B. and Purewal, Kiran. 2014. Children's responses to social atypicality among group members – advantages of a contextualized social developmental account. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(3), pp. 257-261. ISSN 0261-510X

When Is It Okay to Exclude a Member of the Ingroup? Children's and Adolescents’ Social Reasoning
Hitti, Aline; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic and Killen, Melanie. 2014. When Is It Okay to Exclude a Member of the Ingroup? Children's and Adolescents’ Social Reasoning. Social Development, 23(3), pp. 451-469. ISSN 0961-205X

Cross-ethnic friendships: Are they really rare? Evidence from secondary schools around London
Bagci, Sabahat C.; Kumashiro, Madoka; Smith, Peter K.; Blumberg, Herbert H. and Rutland, Adam. 2014. Cross-ethnic friendships: Are they really rare? Evidence from secondary schools around London. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 41, pp. 125-137. ISSN 0147-1767

Context differences in children’s ingroup preferences.
Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Hitti, Aline; Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic and Killen, Melanie. 2014. Context differences in children’s ingroup preferences. Developmental Psychology, 50(5), pp. 1507-1519. ISSN 0012-1649

Context differences in children's ingroup preferences
Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Hitti, Aline; Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic and Killen, Melanie. 2014. Context differences in children's ingroup preferences. Developmental Psychology, 50(5), pp. 1507-1519. ISSN 0012-1649

When do children dislike ingroup members?: Resource allocation from individual and group perspectives.
Mulvey, Kelly Lynn; Hitti, Aline; Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic and Killen, Melanie. 2014. When do children dislike ingroup members?: Resource allocation from individual and group perspectives. Journal of Social Issues, 70(1), pp. 29-46. ISSN 0022-4537

Are minority status children's cross-ethnic friendships beneficial in a multiethnic context?
Bagci, Sabahat C.; Rutland, Adam; Kumashiro, Madoka; Smith, Peter K. and Blumberg, Herbert H.. 2014. Are minority status children's cross-ethnic friendships beneficial in a multiethnic context? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(1), pp. 107-115. ISSN 0261-510X

Are minority status children's cross-ethnic friendships beneficial in a multiethnic context?
Bagci, Sabahat C.; Rutland, Adam; Kumashiro, Madoka; Smith, Peter K. and Blumberg, Herbert H.. 2014. Are minority status children's cross-ethnic friendships beneficial in a multiethnic context? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 32(1), pp. 107-115. ISSN 0261510X

Evaluations of and reasoning about normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup members: Development of the black sheep effect.
Abrams, Dominic; Palmer, Sally B.; Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey and Van de Vyver, Julie. 2014. Evaluations of and reasoning about normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup members: Development of the black sheep effect. Developmental Psychology, 50(1), pp. 258-270. ISSN 0012-1649

Acculturation attitudes and social adjustment in British South Asian children: A longitudinal study
Brown, Rupert; Baysu, Gülseli; Cameron, Lindsey; Nigbur, Dennis; Rutland, Adam; Watters, Charles; Hossain, Rosa; LeTouze, Dominique and Landau, Anick. 2013. Acculturation attitudes and social adjustment in British South Asian children: A longitudinal study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(12), pp. 1656-1667. ISSN 0146-1672

Development of Intra- and Intergroup Judgments in the Context of Moral and Social-Conventional Norms
Killen, Melanie; Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn and Hitt, Aline. 2013. Development of Intra- and Intergroup Judgments in the Context of Moral and Social-Conventional Norms. Child Development, 84(3), pp. 1063-1080. ISSN 0009-3920

Evaluations of, and reasoning about, normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup Members: Development of the Black Sheep Effect
Abrams, Dominic; Palmer, Sally B.; Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey and Van de Vyyer, J. 2013. Evaluations of, and reasoning about, normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup Members: Development of the Black Sheep Effect. Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649

Children’s cross-ethnic friendships: Why are they less stable than same-ethnic friendships?
Jugent, Philipp; Noack, Peter and Rutland, Adam. 2013. Children’s cross-ethnic friendships: Why are they less stable than same-ethnic friendships? European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 10, pp. 649-662. ISSN 1740-5629

What works to address prejudice? Look to developmental science research for the answer. Commentary.
Killen, Melanie; Mulvey, Kelly Lynn and Rutland, Adam. 2012. What works to address prejudice? Look to developmental science research for the answer. Commentary. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35(6), p. 439. ISSN 0140-525X

Group identity and peer relations: A longitudinal study of group identity, perceived peer acceptance and friendships amongst ethnic minority English children.
Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey; Nigbur, Dennis; Brown, Rupert; Hossain, Rosa; Landau, Anick; LeTouze, Dominique; Watters, Charles and Jugent, Philipp. 2012. Group identity and peer relations: A longitudinal study of group identity, perceived peer acceptance and friendships amongst ethnic minority English children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 30, pp. 283-302. ISSN 0261-510X

Promoting equity and justice in childhood: Policy implications
Killen, Melanie; Rutland, Adam and Ruck, Martin. 2011. Promoting equity and justice in childhood: Policy implications. Social Policy Report, 25(4), pp. 1-25. ISSN 1075-7031

Changing attitudes with a little imagination’: Imagined contact effects on young children’s intergroup bias.
Cameron, Lindsey; Rutland, Adam; Turner, Rhiannon; Holman-Nicolas, Rosie and Powell, Claire. 2011. Changing attitudes with a little imagination’: Imagined contact effects on young children’s intergroup bias. Anales de Psicología, 27(3), pp. 708-717. ISSN 0212-9728

When and why does extended contact work? The role of high quality direct contact and group norms in the development of positive ethnic intergroup attitudes amongst children.
Cameron, Lindsey; Rutland, Adam; Hossain, Rosa and Petley, Rebecca. 2011. When and why does extended contact work? The role of high quality direct contact and group norms in the development of positive ethnic intergroup attitudes amongst children. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 14(2), pp. 193-206. ISSN 1368-4302

Friendship Preferences Among German and Turkish Preadolescents
Jugert, Philipp; Noack, Peter and Rutland, Adam. 2011. Friendship Preferences Among German and Turkish Preadolescents. Child Development, 82(3), pp. 812-829. ISSN 0009-3920

Do children want skinny friends? The role of ‘weight’ in children’s friendship preferences and intergroup attitudes
Palmer, Sally B. and Rutland, Adam. 2011. Do children want skinny friends? The role of ‘weight’ in children’s friendship preferences and intergroup attitudes. Anales de Psicologia, 27(3), pp. 698-707. ISSN 0212-9728

A New Social-Cognitive Developmental Perspective on Prejudice: The Interplay Between Morality and Group Identity
Rutland, Adam; Killen, Melanie and Abrams, Dominic. 2010. A New Social-Cognitive Developmental Perspective on Prejudice: The Interplay Between Morality and Group Identity. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5(3), pp. 279-291. ISSN 1745-6916

Learning to control ethnic intergroup bias in childhood
Fitzroy, Sarah and Rutland, Adam. 2010. Learning to control ethnic intergroup bias in childhood. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40(4), pp. 679-693. ISSN 0046-2772

Children’s Group Nous: Understanding and Applying Peer Exclusion Within and Between Groups
Abrams, Dominic; Rutland, Adam; Pelletier, Joseph and Ferrell, Jennifer M.. 2009. Children’s Group Nous: Understanding and Applying Peer Exclusion Within and Between Groups. Child Development, 80(1), pp. 224-243. ISSN 0009-3920

Direct and Extended Friendship Effects on Minority and Majority Children’s Interethnic Attitudes: A Longitudinal Study
Feddes, Allard R.; Noack, Peter and Rutland, Adam. 2009. Direct and Extended Friendship Effects on Minority and Majority Children’s Interethnic Attitudes: A Longitudinal Study. Child Development, 80(2), pp. 377-390. ISSN 0009-3920

Children's judgments of disloyal and immoral peer behavior: subjective group dynamics in minimal intergroup contexts
Abrams, Dominic; Rutland, Adam; Ferrell, Jennifer M. and Pelletier, Joseph. 2008. Children's judgments of disloyal and immoral peer behavior: subjective group dynamics in minimal intergroup contexts. Child Development, 79(2), pp. 444-461. ISSN 0009-3920

Children’s judgments of disloyal and immoral peer behaviour: Subjective group dynamics in minimal intergroup contexts
Abrams, Dominic; Rutland, Adam; Ferrell, Jennifer M. and Pelletier, Joseph. 2008. Children’s judgments of disloyal and immoral peer behaviour: Subjective group dynamics in minimal intergroup contexts. Child Development, 79(2), pp. 444-461. ISSN 0009-3920

Acculturation, well-being and classroom behaviour among white British and British Asian primary-school children in the south–east of England: Validating a child-friendly measure of acculturation attitudes
Nigbur, Dennis; Brown, Rupert; Cameron, Lindsey; Hossain, Rosa; Landau, Anick; LeTouze, Dominique; Rutland, Adam and Watters, Charles. 2008. Acculturation, well-being and classroom behaviour among white British and British Asian primary-school children in the south–east of England: Validating a child-friendly measure of acculturation attitudes. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 32(6), pp. 493-504. ISSN 0147-1767

Stability and variability in national and European self-identification
Rutland, Adam; Cinnerella, Marco and Simpson, Rhona. 2008. Stability and variability in national and European self-identification. European Psychologist, 13(4), pp. 267-276. ISSN 1016-9040

Development of the positive-negative asymmetry effect: In-group exclusion norm as a mediator of children’s evaluations on negative attributes
Rutland, Adam; Brown, Rupert; Cameron, Lindsey; Ahmavaara, Annie; Arnold, Katie and Samson, Jenni. 2007. Development of the positive-negative asymmetry effect: In-group exclusion norm as a mediator of children’s evaluations on negative attributes. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37(1), pp. 171-190. ISSN 0046-2772

Extending the conversation: Transdisciplinary approaches to social identity and intergroup attitudes in children and adolescents
Rutland, Adam; Abrams, Dominic and Levy, Sheri. 2007. Extending the conversation: Transdisciplinary approaches to social identity and intergroup attitudes in children and adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31(5), pp. 417-418. ISSN 0165-0254

Promoting children’s positive intergroup attitudes towards stigmatized groups: Extended contact and multiple classification skills training
Cameron, Lindsey; Rutland, Adam and Brown, Rupert. 2007. Promoting children’s positive intergroup attitudes towards stigmatized groups: Extended contact and multiple classification skills training. International Journal of Behaviorial Development, 31(5), pp. 454-466. ISSN 0165-0254

Social capital, ethnicity and children’s well-being: Aspects of social capital in the everyday lives of British Punjabi children
Hossain, Rosa; Watters, Charles; Brown, Rupert; Cameron, Lindsey; Landau, Anick; LeTouze, Dominique; Nigbur, Dennis and Rutland, Adam. 2007. Social capital, ethnicity and children’s well-being: Aspects of social capital in the everyday lives of British Punjabi children. International Journal of Migration, Health, and Social Care, 3(2), pp. 4-21. ISSN 1747-9894

Older but Wilier: Ingroup accountability and the development of subjective group dynamics
Abrams, Dominic; Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey and Ferrell, Jennifer M.. 2007. Older but Wilier: Ingroup accountability and the development of subjective group dynamics. Developmental Psychology, 43, pp. 134-148. ISSN 0012-1649

Changing children’s intergroup attitudes towards refugees: Testing different models of extended contact.
Cameron, Lindsey; Rutland, Adam; Brown, Rupert and Douch, Rebecca. 2006. Changing children’s intergroup attitudes towards refugees: Testing different models of extended contact. Child Development, 77(5), pp. 1208-1219. ISSN 0009-3920

Extended contact through story reading in school: Reducing children’s prejudice towards the disabled
Cameron, Lindsey and Rutland, Adam. 2006. Extended contact through story reading in school: Reducing children’s prejudice towards the disabled. Journal of Social Issues, 62(3), pp. 489-510. ISSN 0022-4537

Social norms and self-presentation: Children’s implicit and explicit intergroup attitudes
Rutland, Adam; Cameron, Lindsey; Milne, Alan and McGeorge, Peter. 2005. Social norms and self-presentation: Children’s implicit and explicit intergroup attitudes. Child Development, 76(2), pp. 451-466. ISSN 0009-3920